What COVID-19 Could Mean for Substance Use, Addiction and Recovery
The coronavirus pandemic has impacted many Americans physically, emotionally or financially. However, around 20.3 million Americans are likely feeling even more pressure during statewide lockdowns. These individuals have to struggle not only with isolation, anxiety and stress, but another set of obstacles directly related to drug and alcohol addiction.
Coronavirus is creating additional risks for people with substance use disorders and those in recovery. These include:
- Increased mortality rates in people with lung or heart conditions
- Decreased access to health care
- Decreased access to medication-assisted treatment
- Increased risk of relapse
- Increased risks of overdose
Though these risks exist, there are steps people living struggling with addiction and recovery can take to stay safe and find help. The first step is understanding how these risks can play out.
Risks for People With Addiction
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), coronavirus may cause dangerous complications for people with compromised respiratory health, which can occur as a result of drug use. Opioid use slows breathing, lowering oxygen levels. Combining this with the diminished lung capacity caused by coronavirus could lead to death. Similarly, people with a history of methamphetamine, cigarette, vape or marijuana use may also face complications if they contract the virus.
These are problems that affect those who contract coronavirus, but there are other issues created by the pandemic that can affect people with an addiction. NIDA points out that if hospitals become overwhelmed with coronavirus patients, there will be fewer resources to devote to people with addiction, such as rooms for detox or overdose treatment. Additionally, social distancing may make it more likely that someone overdoses alone, which may increase overdose deaths.
Some needle exchange programs and methadone clinics are also facing shutdowns amidst the pandemic. For many, reduced access to medication-assisted treatment increases risks of relapse and can lead to dangerous withdrawal symptoms, overdose or death.
Risks for People in Recovery
Lockdown and self-quarantine measures across the country have put a large amount of pressure on businesses, schools, organizations and individuals. Millions of Americans have filed for unemployment after being furloughed or laid off entirely, while others continue working from home or as essential workers. Some face isolation, others face fear, but almost everyone is facing some form of uncertainty about the future.
Relapse can be triggered by stress, fear, isolation and boredom, and the coronavirus pandemic is causing all of these feelings to arise. As a result, people in recovery are facing higher risks of relapse and some experts believe Americans will begin to turn to substance use to cope.
For people who regularly attend recovery support meetings, a change in routine can increase unease and make it harder to cope. Groups like Al-Anon and Nar-Anon provide a sense of structure to people in long-term recovery. Members attend weekly meetings to encourage one another, share experiences and foster a sense of togetherness. Unfortunately, stay-at-home orders and social distancing recommendations have made it difficult or impossible to attend in-person meetings. Many support groups are shifting to online platforms to fill this void as best they can.
How to Find Help During the Pandemic
Because of social distancing measures across the country, telehealth services and online recovery resources are perhaps more important than ever. Many recovery groups have moved to online platforms, allowing people to connect and continue weekly support meetings remotely.
The Recovery Village has a free meetings platform for support groups, where users can host and participate in anonymous, online recovery meetings in real time through video chat. Here is an easy how-to guide to get started.
In addition to support groups, maintaining therapy appointments can help keep someone on the path to long term recovery. The Recovery Village Telehealth app allows people struggling with addiction to receive one-on-one or group counseling and treatment for substance use disorders and co-occurring mental health conditions, all online. Clients are matched with a licensed professional who creates a personalized treatment plan for recovery at home.
We also offer a wealth of free addiction and recovery-related information that can help people identify signs of substance abuse, learn coping techniques and find helpful resources.
If you or a loved one is struggling with a substance use disorder, our evidence-based treatment facilities remain open during the coronavirus outbreak. Contact us today to learn more about treatment plans and other resources that can work well for your needs, including teletherapy options.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. “Key Substance Use and Mental Health Indicators in the United States.” 2019. Accessed April 14, 2020.
National Institute on Drug Abuse. “COVID-19: Potential Implications for Individuals with Substance Use Disorders.” April 6, 2020. Accessed April 14, 2020.
National Institutes of Health. “NIDA Director outlines potential risks to people who smoke and use drugs during COVID-19 pandemic.” April 2, 2020. April 14, 2020.
Sganga, Nicole. “How the coronavirus is hurting drug and alcohol recovery.” CBS News, April 3, 2020. Accessed April 14, 2020.
Zarroli, Jim. “Jobs Carnage Mounts: 17 Million File For Unemployment In 3 Weeks.” NPR, April 9, 2020. Accessed April 14, 2020.