Video game addiction impacts individuals from all walks of life and often co-occurs with substance use disorders. Learn about video game addiction and substance abuse.
Video game addiction often co-occurs with mental health conditions and substance use disorders. In particular, there are many overlapping physiological pathways between video game addiction and substance abuse.
Video game addiction is characterized by compulsive gaming that continues despite negative consequences on an individual’s physical, emotional or mental health. Substance use disorders can be defined in much the same way — individuals who are addicted to one or more substances continue to use them despite severe consequences.
Effects of Drug Abuse on Video Game Addiction
Some of the substances that can affect video game addiction include:
- Alcohol and Tobacco: In a study conducted in 2016, adolescents and teenagers that played video games involving content with alcohol or tobacco were twice as likely to use these substances.
- Marijuana: In a study conducted in 2012, problem gaming slightly correlated with marijuana and alcohol use but not tobacco use
- Stimulant Use (Cocaine/Methamphetamine/Caffeine): Stimulants, like cocaine, methamphetamine and caffeine, are often used by gamers so that they can spend more time playing video games
Can Video Game Addiction Lead to Substance Use?
Currently, not enough research has been conducted to determine the causation of a co-occurring substance use disorder and video game addiction. For example, researchers have not been able to determine whether video game addiction predisposes individuals to use substances, or if substance use predisposes individuals to develop video game addictions. More than likely, causation is dependent on an individual’s mental health, family history and current life situation.
Similarities Between Gaming and Drug Addiction
Besides the fact that video game addiction often co-occurs with substance use, both addictions activate similar neural circuits in the brain. A recent study from California State University found that the brain’s amygdala is activated in individuals with gaming disorders. The amygdala is a part of the brain’s “reward” system that is also activated in individuals with substance use disorders. Importantly, the same study showed that the brains of children with gaming disorders changed in ways that might predispose them to addictive behaviors later in life.
Other studies reveal several similarities in the brain scans of individuals with substance use and gaming disorders. These studies have shown that several brain regions were activated in the resting state of individuals diagnosed with gaming disorders, including those involved in:
- Reward processing
- Conscious urges to use substances
- Impulse control
Statistics on Compulsive Gaming and Drug Addiction
While co-occurring compulsive gaming substance use disorders are currently understudied, several studies have assessed the relationship between heavy video game use and substance use.
A study conducted in 2011 examined which substances video gamers used while gaming and found that:
- Approximately 1.6% of study participants (video gamers) were problem gamers
- 41% of participants used caffeine concurrently
- 61% of participants used tobacco concurrently
- 38% of participants used alcohol concurrently
- 80% of participants used marijuana concurrently
This study suggests that using substances while playing video games is extremely common in both problem and non-problem gamers.
Treating Video Game Addiction and Co-Occurring Substance Use Disorders
Depending on the co-occurring substance use disorder, video game addiction treatment may involve cognitive behavioral therapy, medications that decrease euphoric feelings generated from using substances or playing video games, support groups and relaxation techniques.
If you or a loved one are struggling with an untreated video game addiction and a co-occurring substance use disorder, help is available. The Recovery Village operates treatment centers across the United States that provide integrated approaches for mental health conditions and substance use disorders. Contact a representative at The Recovery Village today.
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Walther, B. et al. “Co-Occurrence of Addictive Behaviours: P[…]and Computer Gaming.” Karger, 2012. Accessed May 11, 2019.
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