Attending support groups during and after treatment for drug or alcohol addictions can help a person maintain their sobriety, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) seconds NIDA’s assertion that group recovery settings provide positive peer support and accountability to keep from using.
To be most effective, NIDA says this type of support must be readily available and no one treatment works for everyone. Many leaders of support groups acknowledge this point by individualizing their programs to better meet their members’ needs. Some peer groups represent very specific groups of people such as women-only, men-only, people of religious or non-religious origins, varying sexual orientations, teens and veterans.
Many groups are also designed to address the specific substance a person is addicted to—whether alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamines, prescription medications, dual recovery, etc.
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Types of Addiction Support Groups
There are many types of addiction support groups. These peer-led self-help groups differ from group therapy or substance abuse treatment groups in that they are not specifically designed for therapeutic purposes. But that is not to say that they do not provide therapeutic effects.
Support groups give people in recovery a safe place to build encouraging relationships, share experiences, be accountable, instill hope, debunk excuses, cope with challenges and introduce constructive change into their lives. Additionally, most groups are anonymous in nature, which allows members to speak openly while retaining their privacy. Many addiction treatment programs make attendance at one of these support groups mandatory.
The most commonly known addiction support groups are those that provide a 12-step program to recovery. These groups include the following:
- Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)
- Narcotics Anonymous (NA)
- Cocaine Anonymous (CA)
- Crystal Meth Anonymous (CMA)
- Heroin Anonymous (HA)
- Marijuana Anonymous (MA)
AA has been around since the mid-1930s. The initial program calls for the recognition of a higher power from which a person is given strength to overcome their addiction. Since its inception, though, other non-faith-based groups have formed under the same brand and method. But no groups are exclusionary.
While the AA method was first proposed in conjunction with alcohol recovery, the method is now used for other types of addiction recovery as well.
The 12 steps are guiding principles that outline a course of action for a person in addiction recovery. They are largely centered around a “spiritual awakening” as well as a change in a person’s overall thinking.
Members are encouraged to secure a sponsor—a more experienced person in recovery—for themselves to help them through the process.
The American Psychological Association (APA) summarizes the 12 steps to include the following:
- Admitting you cannot control your addiction
- Recognizing a higher power that gives you strength
- Examining your past errors—especially against others
- Making amends for your errors
- Learning to live a new life by adopting new behaviors—a fresh start
- Helping others with addictions
Support Groups for Family Members
Family members and friends can also benefit from support groups using the 12-step method. Groups such as Al-Anon and Nar-Anon offer programs directed at helping family members and friends recover from the effects of their loved one’s addiction.
All family and friend support group meetings are also confidential. And while there is no cost to attend, tradition seven of the program (there are 12 traditions altogether) requires that each group is fully self-supporting—meaning they cannot accept outside contributions.
Interested members are also encouraged to get involved in public outreach. This is also a part of step 12 that gives members an opportunity to spread hope to others going through similar experiences and inform them of the program and help it provides.
SMART Recovery is a science-based 4-point program. It is described as a mental health and educational program with a focus on changing behavior.
It uses cognitive-behavioral (thinking-doing) psychotherapy called REBT, or Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy. The idea is that your thinking guides your feelings which direct your actions. So, by changing your thoughts, you can effectively change your actions.
Started in 1994, the program is much newer than AA. It differs from AA in that it is not faith-based or spiritual in nature. You do not have to admit powerlessness or strength derived from a higher power. Instead, the program aims to empower people to take control of quitting by understanding what causes their self-destructive behaviors.
Also, SMART Recovery does not focus so much on the past and “righting wrongs,” except to learn from it moving forward.
Finally, SMART Recovery does not promote meetings-for-life. Instead, when you successfully complete the program, you have the option to graduate or stay and help others get through the program.
SMART Recovery focuses on four key areas of awareness and change. These include:
- Motives and Goals: understanding motivation to use and reasons to quit
- Beliefs: self-defeating thoughts that one cannot refuse the urge to drink
- Emotions: increasing self-acceptance and one’s ability to manage life’s problems without using
- Behaviors: committing to a positive and healthy lifestyle
Support groups provide necessary encouragement and accountability for people in recovery from addiction. Attending a support group as a part of a comprehensive aftercare plan can reduce the risk of relapse.
Finding Addiction & Mental Health Support Groups
Support groups can now be found by phone, online and in-person and are also available for friends and family members of people in recovery.
SAMHSA provides different ways to find help with alcohol and drug addictions and associated mental health problems. Its national helpline can be reached at 1-800-662-HELP (1-800-662-4357). The round-the-clock helpline offers information and treatment referrals. The service is confidential and free. It can be used by people battling addiction and their family members.
Other helpful phone numbers include:
- National Drug Helpline: 1-888-633-3239
- National Suicide Prevention Lifeline: 1-800-273-TALK (1-800-273-8255)
- Veterans Crisis Line: 1-800-273-8255 (press 1) or text 838255
- Disaster Distress Helpline (for help coping with stress, anxiety or depression after a disaster): 1-800-985-5990
- Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender National Hotline: 1-888-843-4564
**Available Monday-Friday, 4 p.m. to 12 a.m. EST and Saturday, 12 p.m. to 5 p.m. (EST)
- Your Life Your Voice Hotline (pre-teens, teens and young adults): 1-800-448-3000 or text VOICE to 20121
**Available 12 p.m. to 12 a.m. CST)
- Caregiver Support Line: 1-855-260-3274
In the event of an emergency—such as an overdose—always call 911.
SAMHSA’s online Behavioral Health Treatment Services Locator can also help people find nearby addiction and mental health treatment facilities located in the U.S. and U.S. territories.
Other helpful websites include:
- NIAAA (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism) Alcohol Treatment Navigator: provides information on treatment options and how to choose the right program or support group for yourself or for a family member
- Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT): for substance abuse disorders including opioid addictions
If you or a loved one is struggling with addiction, attending a treatment program can be the beginning of the recovery process. The Recovery Village has facilities across the country ready to serve you. Reach out to a representative today at 352.771.2700 for more information or visit our local rehab resources to find help in your area.
USA.gov. “Mental Health and Substance Abuse.” November 30, 2018. Accessed on February 24, 2019.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). “Behavioral Health Treatment Services Locator.” (n.d.). Accessed on February 25, 2019.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). “Treatment of Adolescents with Substance Use Disorders.” 1999. Accessed on February 26, 2019.
SMART Recovery. “About SMART Recovery.” (2018). Accessed on February 27, 2019.
Alcoholics Anonymous. “What Is A.A.?” (n.d.). Accessed on February 26, 2019.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). “Substance Abuse Treatment: Group Therapy, A treatment Improvement Protocol TIP 41.” (2015, revised). Accessed on February 24, 2019.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). “Recovery and Recovery Support.” January 30, 2019. Accessed on February 24, 2019.
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). “Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment: A Research-Based Guide (Third Edition), Principles of Effective Treatment.” January, 2018. Accessed on February 24, 2019.