Klonopin Addiction

Klonopin, with the generic name clonazepam, falls into the benzodiazepine class of drugs and it’s used to treat panic disorder including agoraphobia, in adults. It may also be used to treat seizure disorders like Lennox-Gaustad syndrome in adults and children. This anti-anxiety and anti-seizure medication aims to help balance the chemicals in the brain, and while it does have therapeutic benefits, as with other benzodiazepines, it can be habit-forming, and there is the potential for abuse with this prescription drug. It's important that people who are prescribed Klonopin take it only as directed to mitigate the possibility of abuse, addiction, and dependency, and also that they don’t share their drug with others.
Klonopin is a drug that’s been in use since the 1970s, and it’s among a class of drugs (benzodiazepines) that are the most commonly prescribed medicines in the U.S. Other popular benzodiazepines aside from Klonopin or clonazepam, include Xanax, Ativan, and Valium. These drugs are classified as sedative-hypnotics, although they vary from one another in their potency and intensity.

Klonopin is used to help calm overly active electrical signals in the brain, which can lead to anxiety, insomnia, seizures and muscle spasms. Ultimately, this is used for seizure disorder and panic disorders, as well as some other disorders of the nervous system.

Klonopin can be used for epilepsy and other seizure disorders, as well as panic attacks or debilitating anxiety. In some cases, it can also be used for patients who are taking antipsychotic medications and are experiencing uncontrollable movement or restlessness as a result. Klonopin is infrequently prescribed for insomnia or acute anxiety, although in these cases someone is more likely to be prescribed Xanax or Ativan.

klonopin pills
If you think someone you know might be abusing Klonopin, you may be wondering “what does Klonopin look like?” This is a common question, and it’s also one that’s important to know the answer to. Knowing what Klonopin looks like can help you identify potential abuse by your loved ones, or also prevent overdose or dangerous drug interactions.

Klonopin is the brand name of a generic drug, and it comes in tablet form. There are two main distinctions between tablets. There are orange Klonopin and also blue Klonopin. In some cases, the tablets may also be white. These tablets, whether they’re blue or orange, will usually have a punched out “K” in the middle, which is a pretty distinctive feature for a prescription tablet to have, making them easily identifiable.

A 1 mg Klonopin may be marked with “K Roche 1 K Klonopin,” and a 0.5 mg tablet may be marked with “K Roche 1/2K Klonopin.” With the 2 mg Klonopin which is white, the imprint is “K Roche 2 K Klonopin.”

Generic Klonopin, called Clonazepam, is often found as a round, small, green or white tablet. A 1 mg Clonazepam may be round and green and imprinted with 93 833.

Other standard marks on clonazepam tablets include:

  • 5 mg with G CN 0.5
  • 5 mg clonazepam dispersible with K7 printed on it
  • Yellow 0.5 mg tablet with 93 832
  • 2 mg tablet, white printed with 93 834
  • 5 mg yellow tablet with M C 13
  • 1 mg green tablet with M C14
  • 2 mg white tablet with C 15 M
  • 5 mg tablet printed with ½ b96
  • 1 mg tablet, white and printed with b 97 1

It’s important to recognize that these aren’t necessarily all of the ways a Klonopin or generic clonazepam tablet might look, but they are some of the most common. Klonopin is fairly easier to identify than the generic version of these tablets, because of the distinctive coloring and punched out K in the middle of the tablets.

Since Klonopin has various therapeutic applications, the dosages can vary. It’s administered as a tablet and should be taken with water.

When Klonopin is used for adults with seizure disorders, the recommended dosage is no more than 1.5 mg per day, divided into three doses. The dosages can usually be incrementally increased until seizures are controlled, or until possible side effects would outweigh the benefits. The maximum recommended daily dose for seizure disorder when it’s being treated with Klonopin is 20 mg.

For pediatric patients with seizure disorders, the dosage is recommended not to exceed 0.05 mg per day and should be given in either two or three divided doses.

The Klonopin dosage for anxiety and panic disorder is recommended to start at 0.25 mg, with increases being made after a few days. The optimal effect of Klonopin for anxiety and panic disorder in adults is 1 mg per day, based on research. It was shown that was the dose that provided the optimal effect for these patients, and higher doses ranging from 2-4 mg per day tended to be less effective and have more adverse side effects.

The maximum dose of Klonopin for anxiety and panic disorder should be no more than 4 mg, and it’s recommended that in those cases doses are increased incrementally and relatively slowly.

Klonopin is part of a class of medications called benzodiazepines. These drugs are also known as sedatives or tranquilizers, and other common benzodiazepines include Valium or Xanax. They’re one of the most prescribed drug classes in the U.S., and people often also obtain them without a prescription, because they are widely abused.

In many cases, having a prescription to Klonopin or other benzodiazepines may end up turning into abuse or an addiction, even if the drug was initially taken to treat a health problem, such as panic disorder.

These drugs impact the central nervous system, and along with sedation, they relax muscles and reduce anxiety. These drugs are commonly abused because of a combination of their effects, as well as their widespread availability. These drugs can lead to intentional or accidental overdose, particularly if they’re combined with other drugs or alcohol. In fact, it most cases abuse of Klonopin and other benzodiazepines doesn’t occur alone. Instead, abuse includes other substances paired with Klonopin.

In a general sense, some factors can contribute to a likelihood of abusing prescription medications like Klonopin. Some may have to do with genetic factors that can increase the chances someone will abuse drugs and substances in general. Other things could include unemployment, socioeconomic status, or pressure from others.

In many cases, people will build a tolerance to benzodiazepines, even if they’re using them as prescribed, and that’s another factor in the potential for addiction and dependency. People will feel as if they need to take higher doses to get the therapeutic effects of the drug, which ultimately leads to abuse.

At standard doses, Klonopin is meant to relieve anxiety and help prevent seizures, but at high doses, there can be more distinctive side effects including drowsiness, dizziness, and confusion.

A common question many people have, particularly if they’ve just been prescribed this drug is whether or not it’s addictive, and if so, how is Klonopin addictive and why is Klonopin addictive.

The primary reason Klonopin is addictive is that first, it’s a benzodiazepine. These drugs tend to be inherently habit-forming because they create a feeling of euphoria and relaxation in the brain. Generally, if someone is taking a small dose as prescribed for anxiety or as an anti-seizure medication, they might not necessarily get the euphoric rush, but this does happen for people who take higher doses.

Once the euphoria subsides, the user will then feel a general sense of relaxation and calmness because this drug slows the brain’s activity.

Klonopin acts to depress the central nervous system, and these effects can be heightened when the drug is taken with alcohol or other substances. In fact, many people who are addicted to Klonopin purposely mix it with other substances to increase the effects, despite the potential side effects and risk of death.

Some of the reasons Klonopin is addictive, along from the feelings it creates, can depend on individual factors such as genetics and brain chemistry. Klonopin enhances the GABA receptors in the brain and also decreases the use of serotonin, and while it can be effectively used to improve the functionality of someone who’s brain lacks GABA receptors, it’s also easy to become addicted to these effects.

There also tends to be a psychological component to Klonopin addiction. Most people who use it have underlying mental health issues, and they use it to self-medicate rather than addressing these issues. They can become not just physically dependent on Klonopin as a result, but also psychologically addicted.

Another common question a lot of people will ask is how long does it take to get addicted to Klonopin. It’s important to understand that just like not everyone will become addicted to this drug, there is no definitive answer as to how long it might take to get addicted. Some people may become addicted, at least psychologically, after just using the drug for a few days, while others could use it for months without becoming addicted.

When someone starts to become addicted to Klonopin, they’re likely to start focusing more of their attention on the drug and how to obtain it. Some of the factors that may play a role not only in whether or not someone will become addicted to Klonopin but also how long it could take for them to become addicted include how frequently they’re using it, and the dosage they use each time.

In most cases, with addiction to any prescription drug, higher usage levels will lead to more tolerance and dependence, which in turns increases the likelihood of addiction occurring. It’s important to recognize that even individuals who are taking Klonopin as prescribed can become dependent.

As with many drugs that are in the same class as Klonopin, some interactions can be dangerous or deadly. Unfortunately, many people purposely combine Klonopin with other drugs or alcohol to heighten the effects, and this is what most commonly leads to hospitalizations and death with the abuse of this drug.

With Klonopin and alcohol, there can be very serious interactions because it can result in a decrease in motor function and mental function. It can also substantially slow the respiratory system leading to slowed breathing, confusion and loss of consciousness. With any benzodiazepine, it’s recommended people don’t drink alcohol.

It can also be dangerous to combine Klonopin with clozapine in some situations, as well as opioids and other drugs. It’s important that people who are prescribed Klonopin understand the dangers that can come from interactions such as combining Klonopin and alcohol, and that they discuss any and all other medications they might be taking with their doctor.

Rarely is a visit to the hospital the result of Klonopin usage alone, and is instead because of mixing drugs and alcohol. There can also be interactions that occur from using herbal supplements, so these should be discussed with a doctor as well.

klonopin addiction
Exploring statistics about prescription drugs such as Klonopin can be useful in helping people understand the true impact of abusing these drugs. Many people aren’t necessarily aware of how widespread their use may be, nor the possible effects of abusing drugs like Klonopin. The following are some key statistics that shed light on not just Klonopin usage and abuse, but benzodiazepines in general.

  • Benzodiazepine prescriptions have increased around 30% since 1996.
  • In 2013, according to the Centers for Disease Control, this class of drugs was involved in about 30% of deaths resulting from prescription drug overdose. This put them second only to opioids, which were involved in 70% of overdose deaths.
  • The amount of medicine in a benzodiazepine prescription doubled in the period from 1996 to 2013, meaning these drugs are more potent than ever.
  • Klonopin is the third-most prescribed benzodiazepine in the U.S.
  • Around five million people in the U.S. over the age of 12 have used a benzodiazepine in their lifetime
  • Klonopin was involved in nearly 63,000 ER visits in 2011
  • According to the Drug Enforcement Administration, there were 26.9 million clonazepam prescriptions in 2011
  • In 2011 there were thousands of illegally diverted clonazepam diverted from illicit distribution
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Klonopin Addiction was last modified: April 5th, 2017 by The Recovery Village