Zohydro ER, a long-acting version of the opioid hydrocodone, is classified as a Schedule II substance by the Food and Drug Administration. People who take Zohydro ER may develop a tolerance or an addiction due to the addictive nature of opioids. Opioids can be particularly addictive because of the euphoric effects they produce and the tolerance they induce when taken.
Article at a Glance:
- Hydrocodone, the active ingredient in Zohydro ER, is the most commonly prescribed opioid in the United States.
- As a Schedule II controlled substance, Zohydro ER has a high risk of abuse and dependence.
- Common side effects of Zohydro ER include constipation, nausea and sedation.
- Medical detox followed by rehab can wean you off Zohydro ER and start you on the path to a drug-free life.
Table of Contents
What is Zohydro ER?
Zohydro ER is an extended-release formula of the opioid hydrocodone. The drug is FDA-approved for people with severe ongoing pain, such as pain due to cancer. Hydrocodone is the most commonly prescribed opioid in the US. More than 83 million hydrocodone prescriptions were written for hydrocodone in 2017.
Often, extended-release versions of opioids contain larger quantities of the drug than immediate-release versions. This is because extended-release versions are designed to be released gradually into the system over an extended period. However, this time-release mechanism can be bypassed by crushing the pill in preparation for ingestion, snorting, or injection. This kind of recreational use is very dangerous because a large amount of hydrocodone can be released all at once into the body, putting the person at risk for overdose and life-threatening complications.
Zohydro ER Addiction
Opioids are highly addictive because they trigger the brain’s reward system. As a result, those prescribed Zohydro ER and take the medication responsibly are still at risk of developing an addiction or dependence on the medication. Sometimes, people trying to get high on Zohydro ER will mix it with other opioids or central nervous system depressants. This is dangerous. Mixing these substances can cause a person to stop breathing and can easily be fatal.
If you think that you or someone you know is struggling with Zohydro ER, seek help as soon as possible. Signs that may point to addiction can include:
- Becoming obsessed with finding and taking Zohydro ER
- Losing interest in the hobbies you once enjoyed
- Performing poorly at work or school
- Suffering from financial problems because you spent money obtaining Zohydro ER or other opioids
Signs, Symptoms & Side Effects of Abuse
Some of the most common side effects of taking Zohydro ER as prescribed include:
- Dry mouth
- Itchy skin
Even if someone is taking Zohydro ER as prescribed over the long-term, the risk of addiction and dependence remains high. Further, chronically taking opioids can cause hormonal issues that result in medical problems like:
- Low libido
- Impotence or erectile dysfunction
- Menstrual irregularities
Zohydro ER Overdose
Zohydro ER is a central nervous system depressant that acts directly on the brain stem. In an overdose, the drug slows breathing as it depresses the automatic urge to breathe. Other symptoms of an overdose can include:
- Cold/clammy skin
- Extreme sedation
- Flaccid muscles
- Constricted pupils
- Severely slowed breathing
Opioids have an especially high overdose risk when taken with benzodiazepines like Xanax. For this reason, the FDA has a Black Box Warning against taking benzodiazepines and opioids like Zohydro ER at the same time.
Zohydro ER and Alcohol
You should not drink if you take Zohydro ER. Alcohol causes your body to absorb more Zohydro ER more quickly than it is supposed to, which increases overdose chances. Mixing the substance can be fatal and may lead to:
- Severe drowsiness
- Severe sedation
- Problems breathing
Zohydro ER Withdrawal
If you no longer wish to take Zohydro ER, you should talk to your doctor before adjusting your dose. This type of medication should never be stopped suddenly or “cold turkey.” Abruptly stopping your treatment will greatly increase your risk of experiencing severe withdrawal symptoms.
Common withdrawal symptoms include:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Hot and cold flashes
- Poor sleep, difficulty falling asleep or excessive sleepiness
- Extreme cravings
- Stomach cramps
- Runny nose
- Watery eyes
Poorly managed withdrawal symptoms can reduce your chances of staying sober. To avoid withdrawal symptoms, it can be helpful to take part in a medically-assisted detoxification program. In a medical detox program, you can safely wean from Zohydro ER with medically-trained professionals who can address any withdrawal symptoms that may occur.
Withdrawal Timeline and Symptom Duration
Zohydro ER withdrawal symptoms may become noticeable within 12 to 48 hours after the last dose was taken. Withdrawal symptoms can last as long as 20 days in some cases. Everyone experiences Zohydro ER withdrawal differently, so these timelines may vary.
Zohydro ER Addiction Treatment & Detox
Recovering from opioids like Zohydro ER is a multi-step process. The first step is getting Zohydro ER out of your system. This can occur at home under a doctor’s supervision or in an inpatient medical detox. In some cases, medication-assisted treatment, or MAT, with methadone or buprenorphine is available. These drugs are long-acting opioids that help reduce cravings for Zohydro ER, increasing your chances of staying sober. After you are detoxed from Zohydro ER, you can choose between inpatient and outpatient rehab treatment options.
- Inpatient Rehab
In inpatient rehab, you live at a treatment center while you recover from Zohydro ER. Individual and group therapies play a core role during inpatient rehab as you explore the reasons you began to rely on Zohydro ER. Inpatient rehab can be particularly beneficial for those who suffer from severe addiction, have poor support at home or find recovery too difficult in the outside world.
- Outpatient Rehab
Outpatient rehab often follows inpatient rehab. Here, you live at home while attending scheduled therapy appointments. People with less severe addictions can sometimes start in outpatient rehab if an inpatient stay is not needed. Teletherapy is also available for these clients.
Choosing a Zohydro ER Rehab Center
Every rehab center is different, and finding the center that suits your recovery needs is an important step in living a life free of Zohydro ER. Your doctor can help you understand your recovery needs and what to look for in a rehab center.
If you or someone you know is struggling with Zohydro ER or another hydrocodone product, do not delay getting help. Our compassionate staff at The Recovery Village can help you find resources and programs to fit your needs. Contact us today.
FAQs & Related
- How is Zohydro ER used?
Zohydro ER is prescribed for those who are already tolerant to opioids. It is intended to be taken once every 12 hours. The drug is not supposed to be used as-needed.
- How does Zohydro affect the brain and body?
Like other opioids, Zohydro ER acts on mu-opioid receptors in the central nervous system to reduce a person’s perception of pain.
- In the event of an emergency, should naloxone be administered to reverse a Zohydro ER overdose?
If you suspect an opioid overdose, you should immediately give naloxone, an opioid reversal agent sold under the brand name Narcan, and then call 911. Because naloxone can start to wear off in as little as 30 minutes, you should seek emergency medical attention even if the overdose victim seems to improve. When naloxone wears off, the person may slip back into a fatal overdose.
- How long does Zohydro ER stay in your system?
Zohydro has a half-life of around 8 hours. Half-life refers to the time it takes for your body to remove half of a drug’s dose from your system. As it usually takes five half-lives to completely clear a dose, this means that Zohydro ER stays in your system for around 40 hours.
Hydrocodone may be detectable in saliva tests up to 2 days from the time of the last dose. The drug may be found in urine for up to 3 days following the last dose. A 1.5-inch sample of hair can show any hydrocodone taken within the past 90 days.
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