Is it Safe to Take Oxycodone While Pregnant?
When a woman becomes pregnant, everything she puts into her body can affect the developing fetus. This is true for foods and beverages, as well as over-the-counter drugs, illegal substances and prescription medications. Because fetuses are so sensitive to substances and medications, it is recommended for pregnant women to remain as drug-free as possible. This may prove to be especially difficult for pregnant women who regularly take prescription medications to function in their daily lives.
Oxycodone is a prescription medication prescribed to patients who are experiencing mild to severe pain. It is classified as an opioid analgesic.
You should always consult with your doctor before starting any new medication, whether or not you are pregnant. There is not enough available research to definitively determine all the possible risks associated with taking oxycodone during pregnancy. For this reason, taking oxycodone while pregnant is not recommended. Women should also avoid combination medications that contain oxycodone during pregnancy. Consuming any opioid during pregnancy can increase the risk of neonatal withdrawal in a newborn baby.
If you are currently taking oxycodone and become pregnant, schedule a meeting with your doctor as soon as possible. You should not adjust your oxycodone treatment schedule or abruptly stop taking oxycodone until you speak with your doctor. Abruptly stopping your oxycodone treatment will put you at increased risk of oxycodone withdrawal, which can have a negative effect on you and your developing fetus.
If you want to discontinue your oxycodone treatment, your doctor will likely taper off your dose to give your body time to adjust to lower amounts of the medication.
Effects of Oxycodone on a Fetus
Taking oxycodone while pregnant can produce many side effects on the fetus, especially during the first trimester of pregnancy.Harmful side effects associated with taking oxycodone while pregnant include:
- Mental retardation
- Babies born with intestines outside the body
- Congenital glaucoma
- Spina bifida
Another side effect of excessive oxycodone use during pregnancy includes neonatal withdrawal, sometimes referred to as neonatal abstinence syndrome. Babies who are born with neonatal withdrawal may experience sleeping issues, tremors, seizures, feeding issues, irritability, and increased risk of respiratory problems.
Oxycodone Born Babies
If a mother used oxycodone, the baby can be born addicted to them. A newborn experiencing withdrawal from opioid addiction has NAS.
NAS features symptoms similar to detox and withdrawal in adults. NAS is treatable in the hospital, but the baby may experience long-term effects and need extra care for several months after birth.
The oxycodone baby symptoms of NAS include:
- Excessive crying or high-pitched crying
- Hyperactive reflexes
- Poor feeding
- Sleep issues
- Slow weight gain
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