How Do I Know If Someone Is On Opiates?
Opiates, which are also commonly called opioids, are a group of drugs that are primarily used to treat pain. They get their name from the opium poppy, from which they are derived. The terms opiates and opioids are used to describe both natural (opiate) and synthetic (opioid) medications.
Opioids are often prescribed by doctors for people who have chronic pain or had surgery. Unfortunately, these drugs are highly addictive and can lead to addiction even when taken as prescribed.
Some of the common types of prescription opioids include:
Heroin, which is made from morphine, is classified as an opiate.
Opioids reduce pain by binding to receptors in the central nervous system and interrupt pain signals transmitted to the brain from other body systems. This effect can lead to pain reduction and a feeling of euphoria.
When considering the signs of opiate abuse, it’s important to realize that while some people start out using these drugs recreationally, many do not. They begin using them as prescribed by their care provider, but as they quickly develop a tolerance, they may start misusing the drugs and that’s how addiction develops.
- Euphoria or extreme happiness
- Sedation or tiredness
- Constricted pupils
- Nodding off at random times or loss of consciousness
- Slower breathing rate
When people first start using opioids, they may feel itchy when they take them. They may also feel nauseated and may even vomit.
Some other signs of opiate use may include constipation and slower reaction times or movements.
With heroin, some of the short-term symptoms of use can include nausea, vomiting, slowed breathing, itching and drowsiness. After someone takes heroin, they will usually get flushed skin, constricted pupils and dry mouth.
As with other opioids, constipation is a symptom of use, which could lead the person addicted to heroin to start using laxatives.
Skin infections can occur if someone is regularly using heroin by injecting it into his or her veins. Suppression of the immune system can cause an opiate user to become sick more frequently.
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When someone is addicted to opioids, they tend to withdraw from activities and commitments, such as school or work. They tend to lose interest in things they were previously interested in, and they may also start following different habits or routines, and hanging out with different people.
There can be attitude changes such as irritability and angry outbursts. Other behavioral signs include a sense of anxiety or nervousness, secrecy or dishonesty.
Families and loved ones of people who are abusing opioids will tend to see that their loved ones start to focus elsewhere — often on figuring out ways to obtain more of the drug they’re abusing. This process tends to lead the individual to become even more disconnected from their previous life. Besides neglecting school, work, and family commitments, people may start to neglect their physical appearance as well.
As drug addiction progresses, many people start taking extreme measures to obtain drugs. With opioids, the body is usually quick to develop tolerance, meaning that the person abusing opioids will need continuously higher doses to get high. This necessity often leads them to steal pills from relatives or to take money to support their addiction.
“Doctor shopping” may occur, which means the person abusing drugs will start visiting many different physicians and creating fake symptoms in the hope of obtaining opioid prescriptions.
Finally, when someone is on opiates, they may resort to extreme behavior, either because of how the drugs have altered their thinking or to support their addiction. This behavior can lead to arrests or other problems with the law.
While you may not notice physical symptoms of the actual use of the drug, another way to know if someone is on drugs is to look out for withdrawal symptoms. When someone is a prolonged opioid user, they will experience withdrawal symptoms if they don’t take the drug — even for a short period.
Withdrawal from opioids can seem similar to the flu and can include physical symptoms such as a headache, nausea, vomiting, sweating, fatigue and extreme anxiety.
If you’re worried a loved one could be abusing opioids, it’s important to recognize both the physical and behavioral symptoms. These signs of opioid abuse can often be present very early on, and then they tend to worsen over time.
If you or a loved one live with addiction, contact The Recovery Village to speak to a representative about how personalized treatment can work for you. By catering treatment to patient’s specific needs, we can better address the addiction and any co-occurring mental health conditions.