The symptoms of marijuana use vary from person to person, but here are some of the most common signs to look for and long-term side effects.
Probably one of the most common questions many people have when it comes to drugs is how to tell if someone is on marijuana. Many drugs may have distinguishing signs of use, but marijuana may or may not. It depends on the person and other factors.
Article at a Glance:
- Signs of marijuana use include red eyes, rambling, lack of motivation, and paranoia.
- You may notice a skunk-like smell from someone smoking marijuana.
- Drug paraphernalia may be found in the home when a person is using marijuana.
- Modern marijuana is much more potent than in the past.
- The experience of using marijuana varies greatly from one person to the next.
Signs of Marijuana Use
Because of the widely varied effects of marijuana, it can be difficult to tell if someone is using it. In general, the following are some of the most common signs that someone is on marijuana:
- Red, bloodshot eyes
- Laughing inappropriately or uncontrollably
- Seeming confused or unable to maintain a conversation
- Talking about things unrelated to a conversation
- Increased appetite including binge eating, particularly sweets
- Lack of energy
- Excessive sleep
- Lack of motivation
- Paranoia or a sense of panic
- Poor coordination
- Delayed reaction times
- Altered sense perception
Unlike many other drugs, marijuana has a very potent odor that‘s hard to get rid of. Many people compare it to a skunk-like smell. It can cling to hair, clothes, bedding, furniture, and other items after smoking.
As with most other drugs, behavioral shifts due to marijuana use may seem subtle or gradual at first. As a person continues to abuse it, these may become more prominent.
Marijuana can lead to issues like trouble in school or work or relationship problems. It can also increase the likelihood of someone participating in risky or dangerous behaviors, and there are even more severe risks associated with particular types of very potent marijuana. Long-term, heavy users of marijuana may also experience withdrawal symptoms if they stop using it, such as irritability and problems sleeping.
In some cases, people who are chronically using marijuana may begin to do more reckless things, such as driving while high. They might also start to experience serious relationship problems or find themselves facing legal troubles.
If you’re unsure, another red flag to look for when you feel someone is using marijuana is drug paraphernalia. Finding these items often confirms people’s suspicions about whether or not a loved one or someone they know is using marijuana.
Some of the paraphernalia associated with marijuana include rolling papers, roach clips, cigar paper, e-cigarettes, and pipes or bongs made of glass, metal, ceramic, plastic, or bamboo.
While marijuana might not necessarily have some of the more severe physical side effects of other drugs, it’s becoming increasingly problematic and dangerous because the potency has been on the rise for several decades.
The New England Journal of Medicine has noted an increased amount of THC in today’s weed (from 3% in the 1980s to an average of 12% in 2012), and this high potency can lead to psychiatric problems. For example, high-potency marijuana can lead to sudden psychotic symptoms, like the sense of being disconnected from reality. These signs and symptoms are more likely to occur in someone with a pre-existing mental health disorder, but they can happen to anyone.
The Effects of Marijuana
The effects of “being high” on marijuana can vary significantly from person to person. For some people, the impact may be minimal and may simply leave them feeling relaxed. Other people may have sensory perception experiences. While many people use marijuana because it allows them to experience pleasant feelings, this isn’t the case for everyone. Some people experience anxiety, a sense of panic, paranoia, or hallucinations while using marijuana.
If someone ingests marijuana in food or drink, it typically takes longer for it to affect them as the process of entering the bloodstream through the stomach is slower than through the lungs.
If you see warning signs of marijuana use such as red eyes, delayed reaction times and increased appetite, you might want to have a conversation with the person and determine whether or not a problem exists. Many people don’t feel like marijuana use is a problem.
Having a marijuana substance use disorder is similar to other addictions, but it may be easier for people who participate in treatment to overcome their use of marijuana. There are many forms of treatment available to help people stop using marijuana, including cognitive-behavioral therapy, therapeutic management of behavior, and motivational interviewing. Qualified medical or mental health professionals may also be able to help you identify potential treatment options, particularly if the person you suspect is on marijuana is a minor.
The Recovery Village aims to improve the quality of life for people struggling with substance use or mental health disorder with fact-based content about the nature of behavioral health conditions, treatment options and their related outcomes. We publish material that is researched, cited, edited and reviewed by licensed medical professionals. The information we provide is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It should not be used in place of the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers.