Codeine With Promethazine Cough Syrup
The following provides information about promethazine and codeine separately from one another, and also an overview of codeine with promethazine cough syrup.
Codeine, as with other opioid painkillers, works by changing the body’s tolerance to pain. People who take it for pain feel less pain overall because their pain tolerance is heightened, but codeine and other opioids don’t make the pain go away. For that reason, codeine and opioids are frequently combined with other pain relievers, such as acetaminophen, to fight the pain in multiple ways.
Codeine was first approved by the FDA in 1950, and along with helping with pain relief, codeine and other opioids like it also depress the functions of the central nervous system, including respiration
Promethazine is also sometimes used to help people fall asleep before surgery or to help with nausea and pain following surgery.
When someone takes promethazine, it works by blocking the action of something called histamine which is produced when someone has an allergic reaction. It’s also a calming drug that provides its own level of pain relief, so it affects certain areas of the brain.
Codeine with promethazine is a combination medicine that can treat the symptoms of the common cold, allergies, the flu, and various breathing illnesses like bronchitis and sinusitis.
In codeine with promethazine, the promethazine relieves itchy eyes, nose and throat, sneezing, runny nose and watery eyes. The codeine component of the prescription medicine serves as a narcotic pain reliever, and it also is a cough suppressant. Codeine works to suppress a cough by affecting the areas of the brain that control the cough reflex.
Promethazine and codeine aren’t able to reduce the time a person has a cold, and it can also treat symptoms, not root causes of the symptoms.
When someone is prescribed promethazine and codeine, they should follow their doctor’s instructions exactly, because there are risks and side effects associated with this combination drug.
As was touched on above, codeine is a narcotic pain reliever, and as a result, it slows the activity of the central nervous system. The central nervous system controls essential functions including breathing. If someone takes too much codeine with promethazine cough syrup or mixes multiple drugs from the opioid class, their respiration could slow so much that they experience an overdose or die.
Opioids, which include a variety of other potent prescription painkillers as well as heroin, do often lead to overdoses, whether accidental or otherwise.
In addition, codeine with promethazine cough syrup can also lead to withdrawal. Withdrawal is a term that refers to a scenario where someone has become so used to taking a certain drug that they have a physical dependence on it. This may or may not include a psychological addiction. Then, if someone is physically dependent on codeine with promethazine cough syrup, they will experience withdrawal symptoms if they attempt to stop taking it suddenly.
Withdrawal symptoms of codeine with promethazine cough syrup can include sweating, chills, shaking, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, anxiety, and restlessness.
In order to combat the risk of withdrawal occurring when a patient takes codeine with promethazine cough syrup, doctors will often instruct them to taper off the drug slowly, rather than stopping its use suddenly.
Also a risk with codeine with promethazine cough syrup is a psychological addiction. There is a risk of abuse when someone takes codeine with promethazine, and the risk is higher in someone who is predisposed to drug addiction or substance abuse.
Promethazine is an antihistamine, and it’s often combined with codeine syrup and prescribed for conditions such as common colds, the flu, and bronchitis.
It is a helpful combination medication, but anytime someone is taking codeine syrup they should be aware of the risks which include physical dependence, overdose, and withdrawal. Usually taking codeine syrup exactly as prescribed by a physician will help reduce these risks.
Have more questions about Codeine abuse?Read the most frequently asked questions
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