Bath Salts Addiction Treatment and Rehab
Bath salts is the name for the drug class called synthetic cathinones, which includes methylone, mephedrone and methylenedioxypyrovalerone. These human-made substances are similar to cathinone, a stimulant produced from the khat plant. While consuming natural cathinone has mild effects, the synthetic variations can be much stronger and generate dangerous side effects. Many people replace cocaine, amphetamine or ecstasy with bath salts because the drug is a cheaper alternative and provides similar effects.
The term “bath salts” comes from their granular or crystalline appearance, mimicking actual bath salts. The drug is illegal and sold under a number of street names: Bliss, Cloud Nine, Lunar or Purple Wave, Vanilla Sky, and White Lightning, to name a few.
Bath salts are less notorious than cocaine or ecstasy but the drug is still heavily misused, highly addictive and potentially dangerous. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration reported that bath salts were the cause of nearly 23,000 emergency room visits in 2011. The drug gives people an upbeat and euphoric feeling by firing off dopamine, serotonin and norepinephrine. However, bath salts sometimes vary in components and potency due to being produced illegally, and the drug can have dangerous side effects, including:
- Increased blood pressure and heart rate
- Lack of appetite or sleep
- Increased temperature or chills
- Chest and kidney pain
- Agitated or aggressive behavior
Not all effects of taking bath salts are dangerous, but they are signs to recognize if someone is misusing the drug. Other common physical traits of people who are addicted to bath salts include:
- Teeth grinding
- Higher-than-normal sex drive
- Overactive or over-responsive reflexes
- Unusual friendliness
- Delusions or confusion
The excited and pleasing state produced from consuming bath salts can become psychologically addictive for people, in addiction to physical addiction that often builds when people take any drug. As people experience the “high” associated with bath salts more and more, they will have a stronger desire to return to the state and feel they need it to achieve happiness. Studies have backed this up, noticing that an increase in dopamine transmissions in the brain creates a higher potential for addiction.
If you or someone you know is addicted to bath salts, seek medical help immediately. Bath salts addiction treatment is available in every state due to how popular the drug is, and there are programs specifically designed to help people stop taking bath salts.
- Breakdown of skeletal muscle tissue
- Panic attacks
- Sleep disturbances
- Twitching or involuntary muscle movement
- Suicidal thoughts
Once the addiction to bath salts is realized, seeking treatment is the next step. Finding the perfect bath salts addiction treatment can be a challenging part of the process, especially for people who seek treatment nearby. There are options in each state for drug addiction treatment, but not all rehab centers will offer the full continuum of care provided by certain facilities.
To provide as many people the most extensive addiction treatment possible, The Recovery Village has facilities in each region of the United States. Most people are conveniently located to one of The Recovery Village’s rehabilitation centers and can take the proper steps toward a healthier life. The Recovery Village has treatment centers in five states:
Depending on a person’s individual needs, severity of bath salts addiction and personal characteristics, they might need a specific location for the best-possible treatment.
- Hospitalization and stabilization
- Inpatient rehabilitation
- Outpatient rehabilitation
- Aftercare planning and sober living
Detoxification is often when most people experience withdrawal symptoms, which are the effects of no longer taking a drug. For people addicted to bath salts, abruptly discontinuing the drug can bring on severe withdrawal symptoms and make the rehabilitation process feel daunting and even impossible to overcome. The most common withdrawal symptoms associated to bath salts addiction include:
- Worsening memory or lack of concentration
Depression can be extremely severe during withdrawal because of the effects of taking bath salts. Since the drug produces a euphoric high, the body begins to rely on the drug to produce feelings of happiness. Not having a consistent dosage can result in the body not firing off enough dopamine and serotonin, which can cause prolonged feelings of sadness or fatigue. Suicidal thoughts are not uncommon during detoxification and withdrawal from stimulants such as bath salts, and it’s important to not attempt this stage of rehabilitation alone.
- 24-hour medical attention
- Availability of necessary medications
- Maximum comfort
- Attempts to alleviate withdrawal symptoms
- Supportive environment
The Recovery Village can help people find a safe and effective detox program to begin their treatment for bath salts. Making this important first step gives people the foundation needed to overcome future obstacles and puts them closer to an addiction-free life.
In addition to drug rehab, clients can address any co-occurring disorders they may have, as these illnesses can be the root cause of substance use disorder. Additionally, someone’s substance use disorder could create a new mental illness for that person. If people misuse bath salts, they may lose their appetite and develop an eating disorder. Depression also is common because the brain has to re-adjust to no longer having bath salts to help it fire off dopamine, which is a natural chemical that helps people feel happy. Since anxiety is a common withdrawal symptom of bath salts, some people have been known to develop an anxiety disorder after misusing the stimulant. Other common co-occurring disorders that could result or be the cause of an addiction to bath salts include:
- Severe mood swings
- Post-traumatic stress disorder
- Borderline personality disorder
- Bipolar disorder
In a clinical setting, such as one of The Recovery Village’s facilities, clients can learn coping mechanisms and continue receiving treatment and medications for both substance use disorders and co-occurring disorders.
Medical Disclaimer: The Recovery Village aims to improve the quality of life for people struggling with a substance use or mental health disorder with fact-based content about the nature of behavioral health conditions, treatment options and their related outcomes. We publish material that is researched, cited, edited and reviewed by licensed medical professionals. The information we provide is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It should not be used in place of the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider.
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