Adderall Kidney Pain | Side Effects of Long-Term Use of Adderall
Adderall is a stimulant, prescription drug that’s intended to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), primarily. Adderall is a combination of dextroamphetamine and amphetamine, and it stimulates the central nervous system, meaning that it speeds up certain functions of the body, thus its classification as a stimulant.
While Adderall does have therapeutic value for certain people, it’s frequently abused as well. People can abuse it in a number of ways including taking it without a prescription, taking to study or stay awake for long periods, purchasing it illegally, or taking larger doses than what they’re prescribed.
People can find it appealing in terms of abusing it because it can create a high or feelings of pleasurable well-being and euphoria, along with increasing energy levels, motivation, and wakefulness. Adderall is also often abused as a way to lose weight because it suppresses the appetite.
There are serious risks associated with both short-term and long-term Adderall use, and people often wonder about the Adderall kidney connection, and whether or not Adderall and kidney pain are two things that are associated with one another.
The following provides an overview of what to know about the Adderall kidney connection if there is one.
Along with removing extra waste and fluid from your body, your kidneys are also responsible for keeping your blood pressure under control, and they make a certain hormone that directs the bone marrow to make red blood cells. The kidneys also keep the body’s pH levels healthy and balanced.
The kidneys play an essential role in so many of the functions of our body, but they can be affected by lifestyle factors, including alcohol and substances that we might regularly use. When this happens, and the kidneys don’t function properly, it can lead to a number of health issues, many of which can be serious.
It can damage many organs, including the brain. When someone uses Adderall excessively, it can cause seizures, and it can cause problems with the body’s internal temperature regulation system. This can cause overheating which can then lead to everything from nausea and sweating to permanent brain damage.
There are numerous cardiovascular problems related to the excessive use and abuse of Adderall including high blood pressure, tachycardia which is an irregular heart rate, and a weakened heart muscle. People who abuse Adderall, particularly long-term users, are also at risk for sudden cardiac death.
The liver is an organ we most commonly associate with alcohol abuse, but Adderall can affect it as well. The excessive and long-term use of Adderall can lead to liver disease and cirrhosis.
So, what about the Adderall kidney connection?
There is a link between Adderall and kidney function as well.
The kidneys are responsible for removing waste and filtering the blood, as well as removing extra water so that the body can create urine. The kidneys also release three vital hormones which are erythropoietin, renin, and a form of Vitamin D.
If you continue using Adderall excessively, it can cause kidney damage, essentially because you’re introducing a toxin to your body over and over again, and it can be taxing on the kidneys, causing them to lose their optimal level of functionality.
A few years ago the FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research approved labeling changes for ADHD drug and added something called rhabdomyolysis to the list of possible adverse side effects that come with the use of these medicines. This is a side effect that causes the breakdown of muscle fibers. When this happens, a protein called myoglobin is released, which damages kidneys while they attempt to filter it from the blood.
Stimulants also specifically affect the kidneys because they can lead to a person retaining urine, so it backs up and can lead to kidney failure or a heart attack.
Hyperthermia which is a condition touched on above where the body temperature increase to a dangerous level, can also cause dehydration and can put excess stress on kidneys, causing them to stop functioning altogether.
Some of the symptoms of this condition include tenderness, pain, spasms, stiffness and muscle cramps. When someone suffers from rhabdomyolysis, it can cause not only kidney damage but also kidney failure. In some instances with long-term Adderall use, if there is kidney damage or failure, someone may require dialysis or a kidney transplant.
A lot of people don’t realize the effects of Adderall on the kidneys, but they can ultimately be deadly. The Adderall kidney connection is so serious that drug manufacturers must label these risks on these medications.
Medical Disclaimer: The Recovery Village aims to improve the quality of life for people struggling with a substance use or mental health disorder with fact-based content about the nature of behavioral health conditions, treatment options and their related outcomes. We publish material that is researched, cited, edited and reviewed by licensed medical professionals. The information we provide is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It should not be used in place of the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider.
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