What Schedule Drug Is Xanax?
Prescription Drug Abuse in the U.S.
There is an ongoing prescription drug epidemic in the U.S. right now. The primary drugs of abuse are opioids, but other classes of drugs have been involved in the spiking overdose numbers and fatalities recorded each year. One such type of drugs are benzodiazepines. Benzodiazepines are intended to be short-term treatment options for anxiety and panic disorders. They do have therapeutic benefits for some patients, but they carry some risks as well.
Many prescription drugs are considered controlled substances as defined by the DEA in the U.S. The drug schedule is based on whether or not a substance has potential medical uses and how habit-forming it is considered to be. There are varying legal ramifications for being caught with certain drugs, including prescription drugs if you don’t have a legitimate prescription for its use.
- Schedule I: These substances have no currently accepted medical uses in the U.S. They are also considered unsafe based on available information and research. They are known to have a high potential for abuse. Heroin is one Schedule I drug, as are LSD and marijuana, although many states have legalized marijuana.
- Schedule II: Drugs grouped under the Schedule II category have a high potential for abuse. This includes physical dependence and psychological addiction. Opioid pain relievers like hydromorphone, morphine, fentanyl and methadone are all included on this list. Stimulants such as amphetamine and methamphetamine are also considered Schedule II. Despite the fact that these drugs have high abuse potential, most do have accepted medical uses.
- Schedule III: Schedule III controlled substances have a potential for abuse and addiction but at a lesser level than Schedule II substances. They may include certain narcotics such as buprenorphine as well products that have less than 90 mg of codeine per dosage. Non-narcotics that are Schedule III include ketamine and testosterone.
- Schedule IV: These substances have a low potential for abuse, at least relative to Schedule III. Anti-anxiety medicines are often included on this list as are many sleep aids.
- Schedule V: Finally, Schedule V drugs have a low potential for abuse, and this group includes cough medicines with a limited amount of codeine.
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