Oxymorphone hydrochloride is an appealing drug to abuse due to its pleasure-inducing effects. It’s a powerful central nervous system depressant. By binding to opioid receptor sites, it increases relaxation and relieves pain by slowing down respiration, decreasing blood pressure, the heart rate, and by boosting levels of dopamine and other chemical messengers in the brain.
Oxymorphone hydrochloride is extremely habit-forming. When the pleasurable effects of the drug recede, the patient’s brain may crave more of the drug. As use continues and tolerance increases, the patient will need to take higher and more frequent doses to achieve the same effects.
Oxymorphone hydrochloride triggers the release of dopamine when it enters the bloodstream. This sidesteps the brain’s natural pathways. Over time, these pathways begin to deactivate in favor of the external stimulation provided by oxymorphone hydrochloride. The patient’s brain ultimately stops producing dopamine without the presence of oxymorphone hydrochloride and it can be difficult for the patient to experience pleasure without the drug.
Oxymorphone hydrochloride is a potent semi-synthetic opioid and pain reliever. Currently, only the generic extended-release version is available by prescription in the US. The drug was removed by the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) in 2017 due to its high abuse potential. Oxymorphone hydrochloride is ten times more powerful than morphine and significantly more addictive. Extended-release tablets provide pain relief for up to 12 hours following administration. Immediate-release versions last between three and four hours. The injectable version of the drug takes effect without about five to ten minutes. A rectally administered version is manufactured as well.
Oxymorphone hydrochloride achieves its effects by binding to two opioid receptors in the brain: the mu opioid receptor (MOR) and the delta opioid receptor (DOR). Oxymorphone hydrochloride is produced from thebaine, a minor constituent of the poppy plant (Papaver somniferum).
Patients who have been undergoing oxymorphone hydrochloride treatment for a prolonged period of time may notice long-term effects. One long-term effect of oxymorphone hydrochloride use is developing a physical dependence upon the medication. This, in turn, may cause patients to become physically ill or mentally distressed if they run out of the drug or stop taking oxymorphone hydrochloride.
Using oxymorphone hydrochloride long-term may also affect your respiratory system, especially if the medication is abused. Respiratory distress is possible and is defined as the slowing and stopping of breathing. Respiratory distress is often the main condition that leads to fatal overdoses in people who take opioid painkillers, such as oxymorphone hydrochloride.
If you or someone you know is struggling with oxymorphone hydrochloride addiction or another form of a substance use disorder, do not delay in getting the help you need. The Recovery Village has a variety of treatment options to fit each patient’s needs and will be with you every step of the way on your journey to recovery.
Oxymorphone hydrochloride is used to relieve moderate to severe pain. It’s especially effective at alleviating pain associated with acute left ventricle failure and pulmonary edema. Oxymorphone hydrochloride is also indicated for use as a preoperative medication to relieve patient apprehension.
The extended-release version of oxymorphone hydrochloride is indicated for the treatment of chronic pain. It’s typically only prescribed to patients who are already taking less powerful painkillers. Individuals who take the extended-release version may also be administered the immediate-release version during flare-ups of severe pain.
Patients who take oxymorphone hydrochloride according to their doctor’s instructions may still develop an addiction or dependence. If you or someone you know begins to develop an unhealthy use of oxymorphone hydrochloride, warning signs may become noticeable. Oxymorphone hydrochloride addiction signs can include becoming obsessed with finding and taking oxymorphone hydrochloride and losing interest in daily activities or the hobbies one once enjoyed. Get help immediately if you or someone you know begins to exhibit these oxymorphone hydrochloride addiction signs.
Oxymorphone Hydrochloride Medical Detox
If you wish to stop taking oxymorphone hydrochloride, set up a meeting with your doctor to discuss your dosage options. Typically, doctors will lower a patient’s medications gradually, over time, if they no longer want to continue treatment. This tapering-down process allows the body to adjust to less of the drug over time, which may help to avoid certain oxymorphone hydrochloride withdrawal symptoms. Never stop taking oxymorphone hydrochloride suddenly or “cold turkey,” as this may increase the severity of withdrawal symptoms. Never adjust your oxymorphone hydrochloride dosage levels or treatment schedule without consulting with your doctor.
Oxymorphone Hydrochloride Rehabilitation Programs
Patients who are experiencing oxymorphone hydrochloride addiction or addiction to another substance use disorder benefit from the variety of resources and programs at The Recovery Village. The first step in rehabilitation at The Recovery Village is to safely detox from oxymorphone hydrochloride. Once the medication is eliminated from the body, patients will have the opportunity to participate in individual and group counseling as well as recreational therapy activities while they recover.
Due to the severity of addiction that can occur with the use of oxymorphone hydrochloride, patients should never abruptly stop taking the drug. Detox should always be done under medical supervision. The prescribing doctor will gradually decrease the patient’s dosage and begin supplementing it with other opioids. Methadone and buprenorphine are long-acting opioids that are commonly prescribed for the management of oxymorphone hydrochloride discontinuation.
Other medications can be given to help mitigate specific withdrawal symptoms. Doctors may prescribe anti-nausea medications for gastrointestinal distress or sleeping pills for the treatment of insomnia. Medications may also be prescribed for the treatment of anxiety and depression that are associated with withdrawal.
If you have any questions regarding opioid abuse and detox, The Recovery Village is available to answer them. Contact our confidential helpline 24 hours a day at 855-701-0208.
The Recovery Village aims to improve the quality of life for people struggling with substance use or mental health disorder with fact-based content about the nature of behavioral health conditions, treatment options and their related outcomes. We publish material that is researched, cited, edited and reviewed by licensed medical professionals. The information we provide is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It should not be used in place of the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers.