Nembutal Withdrawal and Detox

Nembutal is a brand-name barbiturate drug, also known by its generic name pentobarbital. Nembutal is a powerful sedative. Like most barbiturates, Nembutal is no longer commonly prescribed. Instead, benzodiazepines are the preferred medications used to treat insomnia and anxiety. In the rare cases, Nembutal is still used to treat seizures and as a sedative before procedures. It may be infrequently used to treat sleep problems as well. Barbiturates have been replaced by other drugs due to their potential for addiction and physical dependence. Nembutal affects the GABA receptors in the brain and slows brain activity as a result. The brain and central nervous system can quickly form a dependence on this class of drugs. When someone has a barbiturate dependence, common withdrawal symptoms can include:

  • Raised body temperature
  • Anxiety
  • Muscle twitching
  • Tremors
  • Weakness
  • Dizziness
  • Changes in vision and perception
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Insomnia
  • Hypotension
Nembutal withdrawal symptoms usually start appearing anywhere from 8 to 12 hours after taking the last dose of the drug. This is when the mildest withdrawal symptoms occur. The earliest Nembutal withdrawal symptoms can include anxiety, twitching, tremors, weakness, dizziness, nausea, vomiting and insomnia. More severe withdrawal symptoms, such as delirium or convulsions, usually begin within 16 hours of the last dose. These symptoms can last up to 5 days after someone stops using Nembutal. Over time, the severity of Nembutal withdrawal symptoms declines and these symptoms are usually gone within 15 days. Following the first few weeks of acute Nembutal withdrawal, people may experience mood-related symptoms like anxiety, depression or drug cravings. However, the most severe symptoms will have ended by this time.
Along with alcohol, barbiturates have the highest risk of severe withdrawal symptoms, including delirium and seizures. Symptoms of Nembutal withdrawal can be fatal if they’re not managed correctly. There is a risk of brain damage, organ damage or even coma. It’s very important that anyone who is dependent upon Nembutal or any other barbiturate participates in a medically-supervised detox. During a  medical barbiturate detox, the patient gradually tapers off of the drug while their vitals are carefully monitored. Medical detox also allows for professional supervision to keep the patient more comfortable as they go through withdrawal.
There aren’t any specific medications used to treat Nembutal withdrawal. Instead, the focus is usually dedicated to managing symptoms. For example, during a medical Nembutal detox the patient may receive medications to manage seizures or convulsions. Patients may also be given medicines to manage less severe symptoms of Nembutal withdrawal, such as nausea or insomnia medications. It is also important to treat any co-occurring addictions or underlying mental health conditions during Nembutal detox.
While there isn’t one right choice for everyone who is seeking a detox program, there are some general things to look for. Every Nembutal detox center should include some common components. When a patient first enters a Nembutal detox center, the facility should conduct a full patient assessment to determine the extent of the addiction and dependence, the patient’s history of substance abuse, other mental or physical health disorders, and assess any other substance dependence. Once a patient has gone through an assessment, the medical staff can start putting together a formalized Nembutal withdrawal management plan. This will often include details for tapering down the dosage of the drug, and other medical interventions that could be utilized. If a Nembutal detox center is part of an addiction treatment center, the professional staff can start working on an individualized treatment plan and can help the patient transition into that treatment phase.

If you or a loved one is grappling with the effects of addiction and substance abuse, call us today at The Recovery Village.

Medical Disclaimer: The Recovery Village aims to improve the quality of life for people struggling with a substance use or mental health disorder with fact-based content about the nature of behavioral health conditions, treatment options and their related outcomes. We publish material that is researched, cited, edited and reviewed by licensed medical professionals. The information we provide is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It should not be used in place of the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider.