According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), meth is a powerfully addictive stimulant drug that increases alertness, reduces appetite, elevates breathing and heart rate, and raises both blood pressure and body temperature. In addition to these dangerous effects, the process of making meth is highly unsafe.
Unfortunately, it is relatively easy to make meth in small at-home labs using a variety of toxic chemicals, which can lead to explosions and house fires. If you think a friend or family member may be running a meth lab, it is important to be aware of the dangerous chemicals people use in this process. This knowledge can help you identify a meth lab and intervene as necessary so that your loved one receives help.
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How to Know if Someone You Know or Love Is Making Meth (Household Ingredients to Be Aware of)
If you are concerned that a loved one is making meth, some chemicals you may find in the home can suggest your suspicions are true. The common ingredients of meth, where they’re found and their associated dangers include the following:
- Acetone is found in nail polish remover and paint thinner. It’s extremely flammable.
- Anhydrous Ammonia is found in fertilizer and some cleaners. Mixing it with other chemicals creates a toxic gas.
- Pseudoephedrine is a medication typically used as a nasal decongestant or to treat seasonal allergies. According to the National Library of Medicine, side effects of this drug include tremors, sweating and increased heart rate and blood pressure.
- Hydrochloric Acid is used to make plastic. It is so corrosive that it can remove rust from steel and is capable of eating away flesh.
- Lithium is found in batteries. It burns the skin, is highly explosive and reacts violently with water.
- Red phosphorus is found on matchboxes, in road flares and other explosives. It is highly flammable.
- Toluene is found in brake fluid. It is so corrosive it can dissolve rubber.
- Sodium Hydroxide or lye is used to dissolve roadkill. It is corrosive and can also burn skin or cause blindness.
- Sulfuric Acid is found in drain cleaner or toilet cleaner. It is corrosive and can also burn the skin.
According to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), most meth is produced in small, secret laboratories in homes, apartments, motel rooms, mobile homes, house trailers, campgrounds or even private businesses. Many people who make it in home laboratories use the “shake and bake” method, which produces no more than 2 ounces of meth per round of production. This method typically involves mixing pseudoephedrine tablets with other chemicals, such as lithium, in a plastic soda bottle. The presence of plastic bottles can be another indicator that a loved one is making meth in the home.
The Dangers of Making Meth
As noted previously, meth labs involve the use of chemicals that can cause house fires and explosions, but this is not the only danger of making meth. According to public health experts, the chemicals used in meth production can irritate the nose and throat and lead to headaches, dizziness, nausea, vomiting and breathing problems. More serious issues are linked to exposure to these chemicals, including skin burns, eye damage, kidney damage and even cancer.
Meth production can also facilitate the formation of other hazardous chemicals. Meth residue is so dangerous that it can lead to property contamination. Experts warn that it is unsafe to enter a former meth lab without protective equipment. The toxic chemicals involved in meth production are clearly hazardous to human health.
How Can You Spot a Meth Lab?
Meth cooking typically occurs in secret, as users and producers do not want law enforcement or neighbors to learn what they are doing. To remain clandestine, those who make meth may attempt to conceal their activities by covering windows. That said, it is usually difficult to hide all of the materials associated with meth production.
A house may contain a meth lab if you notice the following from outside:
- Blacked-out windows
- Chemical cans or drums such as Drano, iodine crystals, lye, pool acid, antifreeze, etc.
- Extensive security, such as “Beware of Dog” or “Private Property” signs, surveillance cameras and listening devices
- High fences around the yard, especially when no animals are present
- Hoses hanging from windows
- Excessive quantities of trash
- Secretive or paranoid occupants
- The smell of solvents
- Visitors at odd hours, especially late at night
A house may be a meth lab if you notice the following while inside:
- Camping fuel
- Dismantled smoke detectors
- Empty pill bottles, and cans of alcohol, toluene and paint thinner
- Lab equipment, like glass tubes, beakers, Bunsen burners and large plastic containers
- Large amounts of cat litter
- Many stoves, hot plates, or blow torches
- Mason jars or other glass containers
- Melted pots and pans
- Numerous cold medicines or non-prescription weight-loss pills
- Plastic soda bottles
- Plastic tubes
- Propane tanks
- Red-stained coffee filters
- Starter fluid
If you believe that you’ve found a meth lab, do not approach it, as the chemicals inside could be dangerous or even lethal. Instead, alert local law enforcement agencies, who can conduct an investigation and safely enter the property with protective equipment.
How Can Meth Users/Cookers Get Help?
In addition to the dangers associated with meth production, ongoing use of meth is harmful to users and often leads to addiction. According to NIDA, meth use is linked to numerous consequences, including increased risk of HIV and hepatitis from shared needles, and risky behaviors like unprotected sex. Meth use can also lead to:
- Tooth decay
- Significant weight loss
- Paranoia and hallucinations
- Violent behavior
- Problems with learning and memory due to brain damage
Because meth users experience withdrawal symptoms like anxiety, fatigue and severe depression when they stop using the drug, it is often difficult to give up the habit, and professional intervention is necessary.
Meth users can seek professional help by contacting a local drug and alcohol treatment provider and making an appointment. Providers that offer cognitive behavioral therapy or motivational programs tend to be viable options for meth addiction. With cognitive behavioral therapy, meth users can learn new ways of coping so they can avoid drug use. Motivational programs also provide rewards for staying abstinent from meth, which can incentivize the treatment process.
If you or a loved one is suffering from meth addiction and a co-occurring mental illness, The Recovery Village offers comprehensive treatment services to address both conditions. Contact us today to begin a life that is free from the devastating consequences of meth use.
Drug Enforcement Administration. “2018 National Drug Threat Assessment.” U.S. Department of Justice, October 2018. Accessed May 16, 2020.
Illinois Department of Public Health. “Methamphetamine Laboratories.” July 2012. Accessed May 16, 2020.
National Institute on Drug Abuse. “What is methamphetamine?” May 2019. Accessed May 16, 2020.
National Center for Biotechnology Information, Pubchem Database. “Pseudoephedrine.” National Library of Medicine. Accessed May 16, 2020.
United States Department of Justice. “Meth Awareness.” Accessed May 16, 2020.
Medical Disclaimer: The Recovery Village aims to improve the quality of life for people struggling with a substance use or mental health disorder with fact-based content about the nature of behavioral health conditions, treatment options and their related outcomes. We publish material that is researched, cited, edited and reviewed by licensed medical professionals. The information we provide is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It should not be used in place of the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider.