A person with schizoid personality disorder displays detachment from social relationships and has a restricted range of emotions. Many people do not seek treatment due to not recognizing their behaviors as symptoms of the disorder. While there is no cure for schizoid personality disorder, there are treatment options to help people manage their struggles.
Treatment for schizoid personality disorder is a developing area that clinicians continue to study and research. Currently, there are not any comprehensive, evidence-based practices for treating this personality disorder. Instead, treatment for schizoid personality disorder is based largely on theory.
Medications for Schizoid Personality Disorder
Schizoid personality disorder, like similar disorders, is not caused by chemical imbalances in the brain. Medications are typically not used for treating schizoid personality disorder. However, this disorder often co-occurs with depressive symptoms, and anti-depressant drugs may be administered to patients to reduce the effects of depression. Personality disorders are generally treated through individual therapy sessions.
Therapy for Schizoid Personality Disorder
If a person with schizoid personality disorder does seek treatment and is motivated to learn coping strategies, exposure therapy is an effective option. Exposure therapy involves slowly adapting the patient to uncomfortable situations and is often used to treat phobias. For example, a person who has agoraphobia and, as a result, never leaves home may be asked to open their blinds and look out their window. They might be asked to imagine they are outside. Once this task no longer produces anxiety for the person struggling with agoraphobia, they may practice opening the window. Eventually, the person may enter an open doorway, and maybe leave the property without experiencing profound anxiety. For schizoid personality disorder, this therapy technique aims to slowly reduce discomfort in social situations.
Group therapy is a common treatment tactic for many mental health disorders and people struggling with addiction. However, group therapy in a more traditional sense among people with other diagnoses may be ineffective for someone with schizoid personality disorder, because they would likely feel threatened in a setting that included other people.
Treatment for Schizoid Personality Disorder and Co-occurring Conditions
People with schizoid personality disorder often have co-occurring disorders as well. Co-occurring depression and anxiety are relatively common with schizoid personality disorder. These disorders are often treated through talk therapy as well as medication management. Treating these co-occurring disorders effectively can also help to bring some relief to a schizoid personality disorder patient.
Schizoid Personality Disorder and Addiction
Substance abuse and treating schizoid personality disorder can be difficult. To make progress in treating schizoid personality disorder, any addiction and dependence must be treated either first or concurrently. Treating for schizoid personality disorder but not for the substance use disorder can result in continued abuse of drugs or alcohol and lead to setbacks in the person’s recovery from their mental illness.
If you or a loved one need treatment for substance abuse and a co-occurring mental illness like schizoid personality disorder, The Recovery Village can help. A renowned network of facilities with locations in each region of the country, The Recovery Village offers comprehensive treatment for mental health disorders when paired with an addiction to drugs or alcohol. The team of nurses, doctors, intake coordinators and therapists can help you or a loved one heal from addiction safely.