Class IV Drugs
With the thousands of illicit and prescription drugs available in the United States, the federal government decided that it was necessary to overhaul the existing laws and drug categories and created an entirely new classification system. The Controlled Substances Act categorized all drugs according to ‘Schedules,’ which are different classification groups. Schedule IV drugs have lower abuse potential than drugs classified under Schedules I-III. Despite the fact that they are considered to be less dangerous than Schedule I-III drugs, Schedule IV drugs are still abused and can very harmful.
Drugs that are classified as Schedule IV controlled substances are approved for medical use and are available only by prescription. They present a low potential for abuse compared to drugs in Schedules I-III. They considered to have a moderate to low risk of causing dependence or addiction in people who take them.
Dextropropoxyphene, sold under the brand name Darvon, is an opioid analgesic that is used to treat less severe pain. It can also be used in local anesthesia and in cough suppressants. In 2009, it was taken off the market in the United States after it was determined that its medicinal benefits were far fewer than its associated risks which included heart problems, addiction, and fatal overdoses.
Benzodiazepines have a long history of abuse. They are widely prescribed across the country and, as a result, have found their way onto the illicit drug market. They also have the potential to be abused by prescribed patients and members of their households. As recreational drugs, they are commonly referred to as “benzos.” Benzodiazepines are commonly abused in combination with alcohol or other drugs. Risks of misusing benzodiazepines include addiction, dependence, acute withdrawal symptoms, overdose and death.
Some examples of benzodiazepines are chlordiazepoxide (Librium), diazepam (Valium), lorazepam (Ativan), alprazolam (Xanax) and clonazepam (Klonopin).
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