Dexmethylphenidate Addiction & Abuse

Dexmethylphenidate is a generic central nervous system stimulant drug. It’s also sold under the brand name medication Focalin, which is available as 2.5 mg, 5 mg or 10 mg tablets. Dexmethylphenidate is prescribed primarily for the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. Dexmethylphenidate changes the amount of certain substances in the brain and is believed to block the reuptake of norepinephrine and dopamine, specifically.

Dexmethylphenidate is usually prescribed to a patient following a diagnosis of ADHD, using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) criteria. The medication is also intended to be part of a comprehensive treatment plan for ADHD, which may also include social, educational and psychological interventions. Certain patients shouldn’t be treated with stimulants. People with primary psychiatric disorders or someone who has symptoms of ADHD that are secondary due to certain environmental factors are not the best candidates for dexmethylphenidate.

Dexmethylphenidate Addiction/Abuse

Dexmethylphenidate hydrochloride comes in a few different forms. The 5 mg dose of dexmethylphenidate is blue and round and imprinted with “93” on one side and “5275” on the other. The 5 mg dosage of this drug is round and yellow and imprinted with “93” on one side and “5276” on the other. A generic 10 mg version of dexmethylphenidate is round and white and is imprinted with “93” on one side and “5277” on the other. There are various extended release versions of dexmethylphenidate that come in capsules. A generic 40 mg dose of extended-release dexmethylphenidate is white and green and is imprinted with “TEVA” and “5562.”

Brand-name Focalin isn’t as commonly prescribed as the generic dexmethylphenidate. Focalin is available as an immediate-release and extended-release drug. Focalin extended-release 5 mg is a blue capsule that is imprinted with “NVR” and “D5.” A 10 mg dose of Focalin extended-release is brown and imprinted with “NVR” and “D10.” A 15 mg dose of Focalin extended-release is a green capsule, imprinted with “NVR” and “D15.” A 20 mg dose of extended-release Focalin is white and the capsule is imprinted with “NVR” and “D20.”

Dexmethylphenidate is classified as a Schedule II controlled substance. This means that the United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has determined that dexmethylphenidate has a potential for abuse and addiction. The risk of addiction is especially high when this drug is used recreationally, or when higher doses are taken than what’s prescribed. Th DEA classifies dexmethylphenidate as a “highly addictive” stimulant drug. The Drug Enforcement Administration also highlights that both psychological addiction and physical dependence are possible. People who abuse Focalin and dexmethylphenidate are at risk of serious health conditions, including cardiac problems and high blood pressure.

Focalin carries a black-box warning because of its addiction potential. Since Focalin and all dexmethylphenidate drugs are federally controlled, it’s illegal to sell the drugs, give them away or let anyone else without a prescription use the drug. Before someone is prescribed dexmethylphenidate, they should let their doctor know about any history of substance abuse -including abuse of alcohol, street drugs or prescription drugs.

Addiction to dexmethylphenidate or any substance can be overpowering, but it’s a treatable disease. The Recovery Village is available now to talk and to answer questions. Reach out today.