According to 2015 data, over 70 percent of Americans reported they drank alcohol in the past year. However, this drinking is not always in moderation. The same data noted that over 25 percent of people reported binge drinking in the past month.
While alcohol consumed in moderation can be part of a healthy life, sometimes it goes too far. It is important to recognize how alcohol affects your body, in particular, to stay safe and healthy in the short- and long-term.
What Does It Mean to be Drunk?
When you drink alcohol, it enters the bloodstream and begins affecting your body quickly. Drinking alcohol can cause someone to become drunk. Being drunk is a general term describing the effects of alcohol, such as:
- Loss of coordination or balance
- Poor judgment
- Slurred speech
- Vision changes
Stages of Being Drunk
There are somewhat predictable stages that a person will go through when they drink alcohol. The stages of intoxication vary from person to person based on a variety of factors. Reactions to alcohol will vary by weight, age, sex, rate of consumption and amount of food in the stomach.
The first stage of being drunk, known as subclinical intoxication, or being sober, occurs when a small amount of alcohol has been consumed and an individual does not appear intoxicated. This stage usually occurs at a blood alcohol content (BAC) of 0.01 to 0.05 and occurs with one drink or less per hour for most people.
During this stage:
- Effects of alcohol are not apparent or obvious
- Impairment may be detectable by certain tests
- Behavior is nearly normal
The second stage of intoxication known as euphoric, and occurs at a BAC of 0.03 to 0.12. Typically, this stage occurs with two to three drinks per hour for men and one to two drinks per hour for women. People frequently refer to this stage as being tipsy.
People in the euphoric stage:
- Are more social and talkative
- Have increased confidence and lowered inhibitions
- Have some motor impairment
- Have diminished attention and control
A BAC of 0.09 to 0.25 is referred to as the excitement stage. In this stage, a person may lose emotional stability and begin slurring their speech. Other people around will notice that the person is drunk. This stage usually occurs in men after three to five drinks per hour and in women after two to four drinks per hour.
Additionally, they may experience:
- Perception and memory impairment
- Vision changes
- Loss of balance
- Nausea and vomiting
The confusion stage of intoxication occurs when someone reaches a BAC of 0.18 to 0.30. For most men, this stage happens when they’ve consumed more than five drinks per hour, and for women, over four drinks per hour. A feature of this stage is blacking out or losing memory while drinking. People in this stage will likely also have balance and coordination impaired enough to result in staggering and an inability to stand.
The following symptoms may also occur:
- Exaggerated emotions including fear, grief or rage
- Double vision
- Increased pain threshold
The stupor stage occurs when someone reaches a BAC of 0.25 to 0.40. At this stage, people are at risk of alcohol poisoning. The gag reflex may stop working properly, and it may be possible to choke on vomit. They are also at risk for respiratory depression, so medical attention should be sought.
During stupor, people may:
- Not respond to surroundings
- Be completely passed out
- Lose the ability to control bodily functions like urination or defecation
When a person’s BAC reaches 0.35 to 0.50, there is a high chance of a coma. The person may be completely unconscious with no reaction to their surroundings.
Additionally, a person will likely experience:
- Body temperature drops
- Poor circulation
- Possible respiratory depression
- Possible death
Risk of death significantly increases when a person’s BAC surpasses 0.45. At this point, the body may not be able to maintain vital functions like breathing. Respiratory depression is a likely cause of death. However, remember that death is still possible at earlier stages and with other BAC figures.
How to Know Your Limit
When consumed in moderation, alcohol can be part of a healthy lifestyle. Moderate consumption is defined as one drink daily for women or two drinks daily for men. However, there may be certain times when you drink more than what’s considered moderate.
If you don’t drink often, be aware that alcohol will likely affect you more than someone who does drink regularly. For some people, it is helpful to stop drinking when they start feeling tipsy or are in the euphoric stage. While there isn’t a guarantee you will be below 0.8 BAC at this stage, it is a good marker to prevent some of the harmful effects of alcohol if you were to continue drinking.
Key Points: Being Drunk
Here are a few key points to keep in mind regarding being drunk:
- Drunk is a general term to describe the effects of alcohol on the body
- Signs of being drunk include loss of coordination or balance, poor judgment, slurred speech or vision changes
- There are seven stages of being drunk, ranging from being sober to dying
- Everyone reacts differently to alcohol
- One person’s stages of being drunk may be different than what is described here
- Know your limit with alcohol and never get behind the wheel if your BAC is over 0.8
If you are struggling with alcohol use, you are not alone. Representatives at The Recovery Village are available to discuss treatment options tailored to your situation. The call is free and confidential, and you don’t have to commit to a program to learn more about alcohol rehab. Don’t wait, call today to begin your path to recovery.