If you or a loved one is diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, you might wonder, “Does alcohol affect COPD?” The answer, in short, is that drinking too much alcohol can negatively affect people with COPD.
People who have COPD would benefit from speaking with a medical professional about their alcohol consumption to ensure they are not jeopardizing their health. Alcohol treatment may be necessary for people who drink heavily and are unable to stop on their own.
Table of Contents
Effects of Drinking Alcohol With COPD
Alcohol affects every function and system of the body, regardless of whether a person has COPD. However, among people who have COPD, alcohol use (especially drinking in excess) can exacerbate COPD symptoms and can affect:
- Lung health
- Sleep quality
- Allergic reactions
People with COPD may be able to safely consume small quantities of alcohol. Some research shows that people who drink alcohol in moderation are less likely to develop COPD symptoms compared to people who do not drink any alcohol.
While small quantities of alcohol may be safe, heavy drinking can make COPD symptoms worse. One study found that among COPD patients who were discharged from the hospital, those who struggled with alcoholism were more likely to require readmission to the hospital within 30 days. Alcohol abuse could exacerbate COPD symptoms to the point that hospitalization is necessary.
How Alcohol Abuse Affects Lung Health in COPD
Drinking high quantities of alcohol can harm healthy lung functioning and thereby worsen COPD. Over time, drinking too much alcohol can weaken the lungs’ ability to clear themselves of mucus. This issue can lead to breathing problems and symptom exacerbation in people with COPD.
Alcohol’s Effect on Sleep in COPD
Beyond worsening lung functioning, alcohol can create breathing problems during sleep in people with COPD. Research shows that heavy drinking can elevate the risk of sleep apnea by 25 percent. Alcohol-induced breathing problems during sleep can be especially dangerous for individuals with COPD who may have low oxygen levels in their bodies.
Allergic Reactions to Alcohol in COPD
Some people with COPD may demonstrate allergic reactions following alcohol consumption. Allergic reactions to alcohol for people who have COPD may involve:
- Runny nose
- Increased breathing difficulties
- Flushing of the skin
The research shows that these reactions are more common among women and people with COPD. While any alcohol can cause these symptoms to occur, red wine specifically appears to be a common cause of allergic reactions.
Wine sensitivity can occur among people with COPD due to constituents such as histamine and sulfites in wine. In addition to causing respiratory difficulties, wine can produce allergic reactions and uncomfortable symptoms, such as skin itching or flushing. By creating an allergic reaction, wine and other alcoholic beverages can exacerbate the breathing difficulties and discomfort that occur with COPD.
Alcohol-Related Deaths in COPD
Alcohol can negatively affect COPD and even increase the risk of death among individuals with this condition. Moderate to high levels of alcohol consumption are associated with a 25 percent increased risk of death from COPD.
Alcohol and COPD can be a dangerous combination, according to one study, which found that having COPD increases the risk of dying in the hospital among people who are dependent upon alcohol. It is possible that alcohol-related complications can be fatal for some people with COPD.
Treatment for Co-Occurring Alcohol Abuse and COPD
Abusing alcohol can create allergic reactions, worsen lung functioning, and lead to sleep-disordered breathing, all of which can compromise the health of someone with COPD. Despite these consequences, some people may develop an addiction to alcohol and be unable to give up drinking on their own.
If you or a loved struggle with co-occurring alcohol abuse and COPD, treatment of the alcohol use disorder is necessary to improve health and prevent complications. Treatment may involve medical care, individual and group therapy, medication (if necessary) or a combination of these modalities.
The Recovery Village has services available to treat alcoholism, with locations across the country. Reach out to an admissions representative today to begin your journey toward recovery.
Tabak, C., et al. “Diet and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: independent beneficial effects of fruits, whole grains, and alcohol.” Clinical & Experimental Allergy, 2001. Accessed March 29, 2019.
Singh, Gurinder, et al. “Association of psychological disorders with 30-Day readmission rates in patients with COPD.” Science Direct, 2016. Accessed March 29, 2019.
Sisson, Joseph H. “Alcohol and airways function in health and disease.” Alcohol, August 2007. Accessed March 30, 2019.
Simou, Avangelia. “Alcohol and the risk of sleep apnoea: A systematic review and meta-analysis.” Sleep Medicine, February 2018. Accessed March 30, 2019.
Lung Institute. “Low blood oxygen and how it affects the body.” September 24, 2017. Accessed March 30, 2019.
Nihlen, Ulf, et al. “Alcohol-induced upper airway symptoms: Prevalence and co-morbidity.” Respiratory Medicine, June 2005. Accessed March 30, 2019.
Valley, Hassan, & Thompson, Philip. “Allergic and asthmatic reactions to alcoholic drinks.” Addiction Biology, June 9, 2006. Accessed March 30, 2019.
Tabak, Cora, et al. “Alcohol consumption in relation to 20-year COPD mortality and pulmonary function in middle-aged men from three european countries.” Epidemiology, March 2001. Accessed March 30, 2019.
Schoepf, D., & Heun, R. “Alcohol dependence and physical comorbidity: Increased prevalence but reduced relevance of individual comorbidities for hospital-based mortality during a 12.5-year observation period in general hospital admissions in urban North-West England.” European Psychiatry, June 2015. Accessed March 30, 2019.