There are many different types of detox medications. During detox, the medications used will vary depending on the drug rehab center you attend, as well as the physician overseeing your treatment.
The primary detox drugs used at The Recovery Village for alcohol detox are Lorazepam (Ativan) and Chlordiazepoxide (Librium). These are short and long-acting benzodiazepines (benzos), that assist with alcohol withdrawal. At other drug detox centers, Diazepam (Valium), chloradiazepoxide (Librium), and clonazepam (Klonopin) may also be used. Gabapentin may also be used during alcohol withdrawal for its anti-anxiety effects.
The Recovery Village uses Suboxone for opiate detox. Other detox drugs used for opiates are Methadone and Naltrexone. These drugs are used to taper the patient down from their usual dose to zero over a period of time. We have a few videos posted here from people who have experienced opiate withdrawal.
The Recovery Villages uses Klonopin (Clonazepam) for benzo detox. To help with withdrawals, The Recovery Village may also use Depraco to help with benzo and Diazepam withdrawals, and Gabapentin for its anti-anxiety effects.
Currently, there are no approved pharmaceuticals for detox from stimulants. However, drugs like Benzodiazepine, including Valium and Librium, and Diazepam, may be used to reduce the severity of withdrawal symptoms.
Drugs to Manage Co-occurring Disorders
It’s important to treat co-occuring disorders during the detoxification process. This can include things like anxiety, depression, convulsion, delirium tremens, and other mental health issues experienced as a result of, or in addition to addiction.
Meds for Anxiety and Depression
Drugs like desipramine, fenfluramine, and phentermine are sometimes used in combination during detox to help alleviate anxiety and depression.
Medications for Convulsions
Because convulsions can be a common side-effect of withdrawal, anti-seizure medications such as Carbamazepine (Tegretol) and divalproex sodium (Depakote) may also be used in detox.