Is Trazodone a Narcotic or a Controlled Substance?
Is trazodone a narcotic? Is trazodone a controlled substance? These are common questions people have regarding this medication and below is an overview of what trazodone is, what it does, and what it’s classified as.
Trazodone is the generic name of a drug, and it has effects as an antidepressant medication, and it’s also hypnotic, which means it’s sleep-inducing. It can be prescribed to patients to treat insomnia, anxiety disorder, and unipolar depression. It’s primarily used to treat major depression.
When someone takes trazodone, it affects the brain’s neurotransmitters including norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin. It’s believed that an imbalance in these neurotransmitters is one of the primary causes of depression. It’s also believed that trazodone prevents the uptake of serotonin by brain nerves, allowing for more of it to be available. It may also affect the action of serotonin itself.
Along with treating depression, trazodone has the general effects of improving mood, energy levels and appetite. It essentially restores the balance of serotonin levels in the brain.
There are some off-label uses of trazodone not officially approved by the FDA as well as these include for the treatment of fibromyalgia, panic disorder, bulimia nervosa, alcohol withdrawal, schizophrenia and obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Narcotics are a category of drugs that include legal prescription drugs, as well as illicit drugs sold on the streets. Narcotics are classified this way because they are addictive, and they are also called opioid painkillers. Some of the most commonly used and abused narcotics include codeine, fentanyl, methadone, and tramadol.
Is trazodone a narcotic? No, it’s not classified as a narcotic.
So what is the trazodone drug class? More information about this is detailed below.
This means that it’s not chemically related to other commonly prescribed classes of antidepressants such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) or monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAO inhibitors). It is however chemically related to nefazodone and acts in many of the same ways.
A serotonin modulator is a type of drug that acts on the serotonin neurotransmitter system in several different ways, and these types of drugs were developed to address the fact that there are various serotonin subtype receptors and not all receptors are involved in the effects of SSRIs, which are serotonin reuptake inhibitors.
While trazodone has the potential to help with insomnia, it doesn’t affect brain functionality or thinking, unlike other drugs that can induce sleep like benzodiazepines, however, there is believed to be some slight risk of abuse with the drug.
It has been linked in antidotal reports with hallucinations when it’s taken in high doses, but there are very severe risks associated with taking too much of the drug, so it’s dangerous to try and use it recreationally.
Under the Controlled Substances Act, there are varying categories into which drugs can belong. For example, Schedule I controlled substances have no accepted medical use, have a high potential for abuse, and are considered unsafe. An example of a Schedule I drug is heroin. From there it goes to Schedule II drugs, which have a high potential for abuse but may be used for medical purposes, and then there are Schedule III, Schedule IV, and Schedule V drugs.
If you are prescribed these substances and purchase them legally, you haven’t broken the law.
So, is trazodone a controlled substance? It’s not classified as a controlled substance in the U.S., but there are still risks associated with it, including the potential for abuse, and at high doses, it can lead to things like hallucinations. Patients should always be cautious with its use, and follow their doctor’s instructions.
Is trazodone a controlled substance? It’s not classified as a controlled substance in the U.S. but it does require a prescription for its use, and it does also have a potential for abuse, although maybe not as high as with some other drugs that help with sleep.
Have more questions about Trazodone abuse?Read the most frequently asked questions
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