Nardil Addiction Treatment and Rehab
- 1. Nardil (Phenelzine) Addiction Treatment and Rehab
- 2. Treatment Options for Nardil (Phenelzine) Addiction Symptoms
- 3. Nardil (Phenelzine) Medical Detox
- 4. Nardil (Phenelzine) Rehabilitation Programs
- 5. Inpatient Nardil (Phenelzine) Rehab
- 6. Inpatient Nardil (Phenelzine) Rehab
- 7. Choosing a Nardil (Phenelzine) Rehab Center
There are two primary types of monoamine neurotransmitters: MAO-A and MAO-B. Different kinds of MAO inhibitors act on these neurotransmitters to various degrees. Phenelzine inhibits the breakdown of MAO-A and MAO-B neurotransmitters equally.
Modern SSRIs and second-generation tricyclic antidepressants are part of the newer generation of antidepressants that have fewer harmful interactions and milder side effects. They’re usually the first types of antidepressants to be prescribed to new patients.
Phenelzine, however, is commonly prescribed for medication-resistant and atypical types of depression. Atypical types of depression, like melancholic depression, often present alongside other disorders such as bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder (MDD), seasonal affective disorder (SAD), and cyclothymia.
Phenelzine has anxiolytic (anti-anxiety) effects through the promotion of GABA expression in the brain. GABA is the brain’s primary inhibitory neurotransmitter. Its role is to calm overactive brain activity, and it can be under-expressed in people with anxiety. Nardil is also occasionally prescribed for the treatment of social anxiety disorder, bipolar depression (BD), post-traumatic stress disorder, dysthymia, panic disorder (PD), and bulimia.
Side effects of Nardil may include dry mouth, dizziness, headache, blurry vision, somnolence, anorexia, sedation, insomnia, lethargy, nausea, vomiting, weight fluctuation, infrequent urination, diarrhea, constipation, profuse sweating, muscle tremors, high or low blood pressure, and low sex drive. On rare occasions, treatment with Nardil can cause psychosis, mania, and acute liver failure.
These symptoms include rapid speech, mania, and psychosis when doses of the drug are reduced too quickly. Treatment with phenelzine, although not technically addictive, can still develop a level of psychological reliance. Discontinuance symptoms from MAO inhibitors like Nardil are never as severe as those from anti-anxiety drugs like the benzodiazepine Xanax, which acts directly on GABA receptors.
MAO inhibitors like phenelzine are known to cause a deficiency in vitamin B6. Supplementing the patient’s diet with vitamin B6 can reduce the likelihood of developing severe side effects while taking Nardil. Patients with pre-existing liver damage from old age, viral infection, or a history of alcohol consumption are at a higher risk for liver failure. If liver toxicity occurs, hospitalization may become necessary.
Individuals withdrawing from phenelzine should never hesitate to notify their doctor of changes in depressive symptoms. Antidepressants don’t treat the cause of depression, they only mask symptoms. Cessation of Nardil treatment may result in the return of pre-treatment issues with depression. An open line of communication with the psychiatrist along with support from family and friends is critical to safely stopping phenelzine treatment.
Medical Disclaimer: The Recovery Village aims to improve the quality of life for people struggling with a substance use or mental health disorder with fact-based content about the nature of behavioral health conditions, treatment options and their related outcomes. We publish material that is researched, cited, edited and reviewed by licensed medical professionals. The information we provide is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It should not be used in place of the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider.
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