Antisocial personality disorder is characterized by violating the rights of others. Many times people with this particular personality disorder will engage in criminal activities. Some of the most notorious criminals in history have shown symptoms of antisocial personality disorder (ASPD). The exact causes are unknown, although likely linked to environmental and genetic factors.
Antisocial Personality Disorder FAQs
To find answers to questions you may have about this personality disorder, explore the below antisocial personality disorder FAQs.
When someone is diagnosed with ASPD, it is usually a lifelong disorder. While someone living with ASPD can experience symptoms and behaviors of ASPD for their entire life, these behaviors can be managed through treatment and coping mechanisms. Treatment for antisocial personality disorder will most likely involve cognitive behavior therapy. Additionally, treatment providers may use group or family therapy in a patient’s treatment plan.
No. ASPD is a personality disorder. Personality disorders are classified into three clusters: A, B and C. Each cluster is associated with varying characteristics of personality disorders. Antisocial personality disorder is grouped into cluster B, which is associated with dramatic, impulsive and emotionally dysregulated behavior.
No. A psychotic disorder is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition(DSM-5), by abnormalities in one or more of five domains: delusions, hallucinations, disorganized thinking, grossly disorganized or abnormal motor behavior and negative symptoms.
ASPD is a personality disorder that is characterized by a pattern of behavior involving disregard for and violation of the rights of other people and usually becomes present in childhood and early adolescence. While a particular event or trauma may trigger the onset of a psychotic disorder, symptoms of ASPD may be present but not diagnosed until someone exhibiting ASPD behavior is 18 years old.
Yes. Personality disorders like antisocial personality disorder are on a spectrum. A spectrum of ASPD can range in severity from occasionally aggressive or violent behavior to repeatedly breaking the law and being involved in criminal activity.
The most severe symptoms of ASPD may not appear until someone is in their late teens and early 20s, but with treatment these symptoms are manageable and someone living with ASPD can learn coping mechanisms. The severity of symptoms typically improves by the age of 40.
A few studies examining the relationship between PTSD and ASPD found that people with PTSD have a higher chance of developing ASPD than people who don’t have PTSD. The symptoms of both disorders could overlap and cause someone living with PTSD and ASPD additional distress.
Conversely, someone living with ASPD experiences impulsiveness as a symptom of their disorder and this behavior could cause them to be involved in a traumatic event. Experiencing trauma or being involved with a traumatic event often contributes to the development of PTSD and similar disorders.