Hydromorphone hydrochloride is a synthetic opioid that is derived from morphine. Its primary indication is for pain management. Hydromorphone hydrochloride is typically administered intravenously, in a hospital setting. Although it’s manufactured in a variety of forms, hydromorphone hydrochloride is rarely administered as an oral tablet due to poor oral bioavailability.

Often, opioid misuse begins during hospitalization and continues when the patient is sent home with opioid prescriptions. Hydromorphone hydrochloride has a high potential to bring about the psychological disease of addictive. Per milligram, it’s five times more potent than morphine. Hydromorphone hydrochloride is more soluble in water than morphine and is easier to dispense as a liquid.

Hydromorphone hydrochloride achieves it pain-reducing effects by binding to opioid receptor sites in the brain. Hydromorphone then activates these opiod receptors to suppress the pain response.

Hydromorphone hydrochloride and other opioids increase production of neurotransmitters in the brain that are responsible for pleasurable emotions. Substance misuse occurs when the patient continues to take hydromorphone hydrochloride for these pleasure-inducing effects after the drug is no longer needed for pain management.

Hydromorphone Hydrochloride Addiction Treatment and Rehab
Treatment options include inpatient and outpatient group therapy along with individual drug counseling. In cases of severe addiction, medical detox may be necessary before the patient is eligible for admittance to an inpatient facility.

Drug addiction is a combination of psychological, physiological, cognitive, and behavioral phenomenon that drive a person to engage in and prioritize drug-seeking behavior. The brain depends on the drug to trigger the release of feel-good neurotransmitters like dopamine. Without the drug, individuals begin to lose the ability to feel positive emotions.

Withdrawals from opioid misuse can involve intense drug cravings that can be difficult to overcome. Hydromorphone hydrochloride should not be abruptly discontinued in patients who are physically or psychologically reliant on the drug. Doing so may result in severe post-acute withdrawal symptoms.

Withdrawal symptoms may include flu-like symptoms, runny nose, perspiration, watery eyes, frequent yawning, and restlessness. Other symptoms may develop as drug cravings become worse. These may include irritability, backaches, weakness, abdominal cramps, anxiety, depression, joint pain, insomnia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, and elevated blood pressure, heart rate, and respiratory rate.

During a medical detox, doctors closely monitor the patient. The doctor will gradually reduce the patient’s dose of hydromorphone hydrochloride over the course of the patient’s stay. Other less potent and longer-acting opioids may be used to supplement hydromorphone until the patient is ready to stop taking the drug. Adjunct medications can be administered for the management of specific withdrawal symptoms such as nausea and anxiety.

Hydromorphone Hydrochloride Addiction Treatment and Rehab
For many individuals suffering from addiction to prescription painkillers like hydromorphone, an intervention with family and friends may be necessary to coax the patient into entering medical detox. From there, the patient will have the option of entering an inpatient rehabilitation facility. Following completion of inpatient treatment, patients typically enter a several-month-long outpatient program where they attend multiple group counseling sessions a week.
Inpatient programs for opioid addiction last an average of four weeks. On occasion, patients are asked to stay longer. The goal of inpatient therapy is to prepare individuals recovering from substance misuse to resist the temptation of recurrence of use. Patients live at the facility full-time and are not allowed to leave unattended.

Some programs admit only females or males, while others allow only adults or adolescents. Wilderness recovery programs are popular among older adolescents. During wilderness recovery, participants live in the woods with trained guides while taking part in addiction education. Wilderness programs are designed to encourage reflection while developing confidence.

Patients are encouraged to enter an outpatient treatment facility immediately following inpatient therapy. Group therapy sessions are held two to three times per week. Participants complete exercises and discuss the progress of their recovery with the group. Most outpatient programs also require the attendance of one to two Alcoholics Anonymous or Narcotics Anonymous meetings a week.
Choosing a recovery program will depend on the severity of the substance misuse disorder, the patient’s financial situation, and the availability of programs in the area. For most, a standard 28-day inpatient facility will suffice. The most important factor is that they’re living in a safe place without access to hydromorphone hydrochloride or other substances. Being surrounded by a group of people who are also in recovery can provide much-needed accountability and support.

If you or someone you know needs help finding an appropriate drug rehabilitation program, the Recovery Village is here to help. Visit them at www.TheRecoveryVillage.com or contact them 24/7, toll-free at 855-548-9825 to learn more about the path to recovery.

Medical Disclaimer: The Recovery Village aims to improve the quality of life for people struggling with a substance use or mental health disorder with fact-based content about the nature of behavioral health conditions, treatment options and their related outcomes. We publish material that is researched, cited, edited and reviewed by licensed medical professionals. The information we provide is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It should not be used in place of the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider.

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