Is it Okay to Take Dilaudid While Pregnant?
Dilaudid is an opioid analgesic, which changes the way your body recognizes and responds to pain. It is prescribed for moderate to severe pain and is not available for treatment on an as-needed basis. Dilaudid works by affecting receptors in the central nervous system, thereby altering the way you perceive pain.
It is not recommended to take Dilaudid during pregnancy because, though no formal studies have been completed on pregnant mothers, collected data shows the possibility of harm to the fetus. It will only be prescribed during pregnancy if the benefit to the mother clearly outweighs the potential risks for her baby. Keep in mind, any medications ingested during pregnancy will also be ingested by your unborn baby, so taking medications should be kept to a minimum while pregnant.
Dilaudid has been shown to cross the placental barrier and is also found in breast milk, so breastfeeding while taking Dilaudid is also not recommended.
As with any other prescription drug, Dilaudid carries a risk of side effects. It is possible that these risks affect both mother and child. These side effects may include:
- Dry mouth
Serious side effects can also occur including mental/mood changes, severe stomach pain, difficulty urinating, loss of appetite, unusual tiredness, and weight loss. If you experience any side effects, contact your doctor right away, as some may be serious. Your doctor will help you decide if Dilaudid is the right choice to treat your pain during pregnancy.
When evaluating a medication’s safety level for pregnant women, the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) rates each medicine on a scale of A, B, C, D, or X. Dilaudid has been listed as C on the safety scale for pregnant women, which means there are possible risks to the baby, excluding the risk of malformations.
Although no official studies have been completed on pregnant humans, studies in mice and hamsters have shown babies born to mothers taking Dilaudid during pregnancy can be born with anomalies. As mentioned, if the benefits of taking Dilaudid for the mother outweighs the potential risks to the baby, doctors will prescribe it.
The FDA has listed Dilaudid as a schedule II drug under the Controlled Substance Act. Schedule II drugs have a high potential for physical or psychological reliance and misuse. If you chronically have taken Dilaudid while pregnant, there is a chance your baby with become physically dependent and experience neonatal withdrawal syndrome when born.
There may also be some psychological effects on the fetus, but studies have shown these effects to be mostly reversible.
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