Exercise addiction is a behavioral addiction that is not recognized as much as it should be. Cocaine addiction is a common co-occurring disorder.
Article at a Glance:
Exercise addiction is a behavioral addiction
Exercise addiction is harder to recognize than a substance addiction
Athletes who use cocaine to fuel performance can become addicted
Cocaine reduces athletic performance long-term
Healthy exercise programs have been shown to ease the stress of cocaine withdrawal
Cocaine and Exercise Addiction
Exercise is one of the healthiest activities that a person can do. However, like anything, there is a point when it becomes unhealthy if overdone. An addiction to a non-substance high, like exercise, is called behavioral addiction.
Exercise addiction is not officially recognized in the DSM-V as an addiction (it fits non-specifically into a general behavioral addiction).
Three or more of these symptoms might indicate exercise addiction. While using cocaine, exercise addiction qualifies as a co-occurring disorder.
Prevalence of Cocaine Abuse and Exercise Addiction
The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) estimates that 1.5 million people use cocaine each month. Cocaine prevalence is about 0.6% of people ages 12 and older, and 1.4% of the 18 to 24-year-old age group. Cocaine accounts for about 40% of the nationwide emergency department visits that involve drug misuse or abuse.
The prevalence of exercise addiction is estimated to be about 3% in the general population, which is about twice the prevalence of cocaine abuse. Why is exercise addiction double the prevalence of cocaine abuse? How can we interpret this information?
Exercise addiction may go unnoticed most of the time because exercising is generally viewed as a positive activity. Unlike substance addictions, behavioral addictions are harder to spot because there is no obvious piece of evidence, like a bag of cocaine or drug paraphernalia.
Does Cocaine Affect Exercise Addiction?
Athletes may use substances to improve their performance, but data shows that cocaine reduces the amount of fuel available to cells. So cocaine might provide a small boost to performance at first, but it quickly drains a person’s energy level.
A person with co-occurring exercise and cocaine addiction may then find themselves bouncing back and force between exercise and cocaine to achieve highs that are no longer possible.
Does Cocaine Recovery Cause Exercise Addiction?
Most of the time, no, cocaine recovery does not cause exercise addiction. A healthy exercise program can help with the symptoms of cocaine withdrawal and recovery. However, if someone replaces cocaine addiction with exercise addiction, then the underlying addiction tendencies need to be addressed.
Withdrawal from cocaine creates a stress response, and people experiencing withdrawal symptoms try to stop these symptoms, sometimes by using more cocaine. Symptoms of cocaine withdrawal are:
- Agitation and anxiety
- Depression or depressed mood
- Fatigue and tiredness
- Feeling of discomfort
- Increased appetite
- Vivid or unpleasant dreams
If you or a loved one have a co-occurring exercise addiction and cocaine addiction, it might be time to seek help. If you would like to learn more about co-occurring disorders and the options available, contact The Recovery Village.
MedlinePlus. “Cocaine Withdrawal: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia.” 2016. Accessed May 17, 2019.
Freimuth, Marilyn. “Clarifying Exercise Addiction: Differential Diagnosis, Co-Occurring Disorders, and Phases of Addiction.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2011. Accessed May 17, 2019.
Hausenblas, Heather A. “How Much Is Too Much? The Development and Validation of the Exercise Dependence Scale.” Psychology and Health, 2010. Accessed May 17, 2019.
NIDA. “What Is the Scope of Cocaine Use in the United States?” 2018. Accessed May 17, 2019.
Perrine SA. “Cocaine regulates protein kinase B and glycogen synthase kinase-3 activity in selective regions of rat brain.”, 2008. Accessed May 17, 2019.
Robison, Lisa S. “Chronic Forced Exercise Inhibits Stress-Induced Reinstatement of Cocaine Conditioned Place Preference.” Behavioral Brain Research, 2018. Accessed May 17, 2019.
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