To answer “is cocaine and crack the same thing,” it’s important first to know what each is on its own, and then have a baseline for comparison between cocaine and crack.
Cocaine is a very addictive and commonly used stimulant drug. It’s derived from the leaves of the coca plant, and when someone uses it, they experience a euphoric high, a rush of energy, and feelings of well-being. For some people who use cocaine, there may be unexpected psychological and behavioral side effects, however. For example, some people who use cocaine may become aggressive or paranoid.
Some of the street and slang names for cocaine include coke, snow, rock, blow and crack. It comes in a fine, white powder and most people who use this dangerous drug snort it, while others may rub it onto the gums. It can also be dissolved in water and then injected.
When a person uses cocaine, it creates a flood of dopamine in their brain, into the areas and pathways of the brain that are responsible for controlling pleasure, which is why it creates a high. Some of the other possible short-term effects of cocaine can include sensitivity to stimuli, decreased appetite, and insomnia. There are also other possible side effects that are especially problematic in long-term users including convulsions, seizures, cardiovascular problems, damage to the lungs, bowel problems, loss of smell and sexual and mood problems.
Your brain adapts to the use of cocaine over time, and you’ll need more and more of it to feel high, but this increases the likelihood of an overdose or addiction.
So, when comparing cocaine and crack, how is crack the same or different?