Alfenta (Alfentanil) Withdrawal and Detox

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Alfenta is a brand-name opioid analgesic and anesthetic, intended to be used only in clinical or medical settings. The generic name of Alfenta is alfentanil, which is a derivative of the powerful and frequently deadly synthetic opioid fentanyl. Alfenta starts acting immediately, and it’s administered intravenously in patients undergoing surgeries or procedures. In some cases, it’s used as a pain reliever in critically ill people. Only a qualified, trained medical professional should administer intravenous Alfenta because of the risks associated with its use, including respiratory depression. Alfenta, as with other opioids, binds to receptors and depresses the activity of the central nervous system. While it is a regulated, controlled substance intended to be used only in a supervised medical setting, Alfenta can be diverted from medical use. Alfenta can be a drug of misuse because it can create a euphoric high, relaxation, drowsiness or other effects that people might find desirable. As with all opioids, addiction and dependence are possible. Dependence on Alfenta means that if someone stops using it suddenly, they may experience withdrawal symptoms. Common Alfenta withdrawal symptoms can include:

  • Yawning
  • Sweating
  • Restlessness and irritability
  • Teary eyes
  • Chills
  • Muscle and bone aches and pains
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Elevated heart rate
  • Insomnia and sleep disturbances
  • Anxiety
  • Hypertension
Alfenta (Alfentanil) Withdrawal and Detox
Alfenta is a fast-acting opioid drug, and the half-life range is anywhere from 90 to 110 minutes on average. When someone is given Alfenta as an anesthetic or a pain reliever for a longer procedure, it may have to be administered multiple times because of how quickly it leaves the system. When someone misuses Alfenta, the half-life is relevant because it can indicate when withdrawal symptoms might begin. It usually takes five half-lives for a drug to be fully eliminated from an individual’s system. In a dependent person, this means Alfenta withdrawal symptoms could begin around eight hours after the last dose of the drug is taken. Alfenta withdrawal symptoms will usually peak within the first few days after the last dose is used, and they will start to subside within the first week. For some people, especially for people who have taken opioids for a long time or used them heavily, symptoms can continue for weeks or month. With extended withdrawal symptoms, they’re often psychological, such as depression and anxiety, and problems experiencing pleasure.
There are different ways to manage symptoms of Alfenta withdrawal. Opioid withdrawal is usually life-threatening but can be extremely uncomfortable and serve as an obstacle to recovery. It’s important a person receive the proper care and medical guidance to manage the symptoms of Alfenta withdrawal to avoid a potential recurrence of use. Some options for managing symptoms of Alfenta withdrawal can include medications, an outpatient detox program supervised by a medical professional or a medical detox program in a professional setting. A physician will often instruct people dependent on opioids, whether pain medications or heroin, to follow a tapering down schedule as opposed to stopping cold turkey. Tapering off is also called weaning off a drug, and it can help prevent some of the more severe withdrawal symptoms.
cocaine drug interaction
For opioid withdrawal, certain medications may be used. Methadone is an opioid maintenance drug, and there are other options as well, such as buprenorphine. Methadone and buprenorphine are mild opioids that can prevent withdrawal symptoms and reduce drug cravings. Buprenorphine also blocks the effects of other opioids. Clonidine is a drug that can help mitigate some symptoms of opioid withdrawal such as anxiety, agitation and cramps. Naltrexone is an opioid detox medication that can help prevent recurrence of use, and it has fewer risks of misuse than methadone. Naltrexone is available as a tablet and as a once-monthly shot. Along with medications that are specifically approved for opioid detox and withdrawal, other medicines can be used too. For example, a medical professional might prescribe medicines to treat specific symptoms like insomnia and vomiting.
For a lot of people addicted to opioids, and particularly such powerful opioids like Alfenta, a medical detox may be the right option. A medical detox happens in a professional setting, where patients receive monitoring, medical and mental health care, and overall supervision. It’s important because a medical detox can help alleviate discomfort and can increase the chances that a person will successfully detox and be able to go on to addiction treatment. When choosing an Alfenta center, it can be helpful to look for one that’s part of an addiction treatment program. Detoxing is the first step of any addiction treatment, so it can make for an easier transition to attend these programs in the same place. Dual diagnosis treatment is also important so that a patient can be assessed for physical and mental health issues along with addiction and be treated for them accordingly.

The Recovery Village is here and available if you’re ready to take the first step, which is as simple as a conversation.

Medical Disclaimer: The Recovery Village aims to improve the quality of life for people struggling with a substance use or mental health disorder with fact-based content about the nature of behavioral health conditions, treatment options and their related outcomes. We publish material that is researched, cited, edited and reviewed by licensed medical professionals. The information we provide is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It should not be used in place of the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider.